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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Saniculoideae
Tribus: Saniculeae
Genus: Sanicula
Species: Sanicula canadensis
Varietas: S. c. var. grandis

Sanicula canadensis L., 1753

Caucalis canadensis (L.) Crantz
Sanicula canadensis var. floridana (E.P. Bicknell) H. Wolff
Sanicula floridana Bickn.
Sanicula triclinaria St. Lag.
Sanicula triclinium DC.


Sanicula canadensis Thunb. = Sanicula elata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming), Canada (Ontario, Quebec)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 235. Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2018. Sanicula canadensis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 17. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Sanicula canadensis. Published online. Accessed: Sep 17 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Sanicula canadensis in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 17. 2018. Sanicula canadensis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 17 Sep 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Sanicula canadensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Canadian blacksnakeroot

Sanicula canadensis, the Canadian blacksnakeroot,[1] is a native plant of North America and a member of family Apiaceae. It is biennial or perennial, and spreads primarily by seed.[2] It grows from 1 to 4.5 feet tall, and is found in mesic deciduous woodlands.[2] The whitish-green flowers with sepals longer than petals, appearing late spring or early summer and lasting for approximately three weeks, are green and bur-like.[2][3] The bur-like fruit each split into 2 seeds.[2][3] The species ranges throughout the eastern United States (excluding Maine), extending north into Quebec and Ontario, and west into Texas and Wyoming.

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Sanicula canadensis". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
Hilty, John (2016). "Sanicula canadensis". Illinois Wildflowers.
"Sanicula canadensis". Flora of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin–Madison.

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