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Silene laciniata

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Tribus: Sileneae
Genus: Silene
Subgenus: S. subg. Behenantha
Sectio: S. sect. Physolychnis
Species: Silene laciniata
Subspecies: S. l. subsp. californica – S. l. subsp. greggii – S. l. subsp. laciniata

Silene laciniata Cav., Icon. 6: 44, pl. 564 (1801).
Primary references

Cavanilles, A.I. 1800–1801. Icones et descriptiones plantarum, quae aut sponte in Hispania crescunt, aut in hortis hospitantur. Vol. VI. 97 pp., tt. 501–600. Ex Regia Typographia, Matriti [Madrid]. Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : 6: 44, pl. 564


Hassler, M. 2019. Silene laciniata. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Sep 15. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Silene laciniata in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Sep 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Silene laciniata. Published online. Accessed: Sep 15 2019. 2019. Silene laciniata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Sep 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Silene laciniata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
English: Fringed Indian Pink, Cardinal Catchfly

Silene laciniata is a perennial herb in the family (Caryophyllaceae), commonly known as fringed Indian pink, cardinal catchfly,[1] Mexican campion,[2] Mexican-pink,[3] and campion.[4]

It is native to the southwestern United States from California to Texas, as well as northern Mexico.

Growth pattern

Silene laciniata grows from a taproot and has one or many decumbent to erect stems which may exceed a meter (3 ft.) in height. many stems.[4]
Leaves and stems

The slender, branching stem is glandular and sticky.

The lance-shaped leaves are up to about 10 centimeters long by 2 wide, with smaller ones occurring on upper parts of the plant.
Inflorescence and fruit

The inflorescence may have one flower or many, each on a long pedicel. The flower has a tubular green or reddish calyx of fused sepals which is lined with ten prominent veins. The five bright red petals are each divided deeply into 4 to 6 long, pointed lobes, sometimes appearing fringed.

The pistil has three parts.[4] There are ten stamens.[4]

Subspecies include:

Silene laciniata subsp. brandegeei
Silene laciniata subsp. californica
Silene laciniata subsp. greggii
Silene laciniata subsp. laciniata
Silene laciniata subsp. major [5]


Quattrocchi, Umberto (2012-05-03). CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set). CRC Press. ISBN 9781420080445.
Southwestern and Texas Wildflowers, Niehaus/Ripper/Savage, 1984, pp 296-297
Flowering Plants of the Santa Monica Mountains, Nancy Dale, 2nd Ed., pp 92-93
Jepson Manual: Silene laciniata subsp. major

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