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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Laurales

Familia: Siparunaceae
Genera: GlossocalyxSiparuna

Siparunaceae (A. DC.) Schodde Taxon 19: 325. (1970)

Type genus: Siparuna Aubl. Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 864–865, pl. 333. (1775)


Siparuneae A. DC. Prodr. 16(2): 641–642. (1868)
Glossocalycoidea Thorne Norweg. J. Bot. 7: 25. (1987)


Schodde, R. 1970. Taxon 19: 325.
Renner, S.S. & Hausner, G. 2005. Flora neotropica monograph 95. Siparunaceae. New York: New York Botanical Garden. ISBN 0893274623. 2016. Siparunaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Sept. 7.

Vernacular names
中文: 坛罐花科

Siparunaceae is a family of flowering plants[1] in the magnoliid order Laurales.[2] It consists of two genera of woody plants, with essential oils: Glossocalyx in West Africa and Siparuna in the neotropics. Glossocalyx is monospecific (Glossocalyx longicuspis) and Siparuna has about 74 known species.[3]

Until the 1990s, most taxonomists placed Glossocalyx and Siparuna in the family Monimiaceae. The monograph of Monimiaceae by William R. Philipson in 1993 was the last major work to do so.[4] In the 1990s, molecular phylogenetic studies of DNA sequences showed that Monimiaceae, as then circumscribed, was paraphyletic. When the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group published their APG system in 1998, the old Monimiaceae was divided into three separate families: Siparunaceae, Atherospermataceae, and Monimiaceae sensu stricto. This classification remained unchanged in the APG III system of 2009 and the APG IV system of 2016.[5][6]

The families Siparunaceae, Gomortegaceae, and Atherospermataceae form one of the three major clades that constitute the order Laurales. Siparunaceae is sister to the clade composed of Gomortegaceae and Atherospermataceae.[7]

In 1898, Janet Russell Perkins began a series of articles on Monimiaceae, but only two were ever completed. The second of these was mis-titled as part III on its first page (compare to table of contents therein)[8] and covers the genus Siparuna.


Vernon H. Heywood, Richard K. Brummitt, Ole Seberg, and Alastair Culham. Flowering Plant Families of the World. Firefly Books: Ontario, Canada. (2007). ISBN 978-1-55407-206-4.
Peter F. Stevens (2001 onwards). "Monimiaceae" At: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. At: Botanical Databases At: Missouri Botanical Garden Website. (see External links below)
Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
William R. Philipson. 1993. "Monimiaceae". pages 426-437. In: Klaus Kubitski (editor); Jens G. Rohwer and Volker Bittrich (volume editors). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants volume II. Springer-Verlag: Berlin;Heidelberg, Germany.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. ISSN 0024-4074. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385. ISSN 0024-4074.
Julien Massoni, Félix Forest, and Hervé Sauquet. 2014. "Increased sampling of both genes and taxa improves resolution of phylogenetic relationships within Magnoliidae, a large and early-diverging clade of angiosperms". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70( ):84-93. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.09.010
Janet R. Perkins. 1901. "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Monimiaceae. II. Monographie der Gattung Siparuna". Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28(5):660-705.

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