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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Tabernaemontaneae
Subtribus: Ambelaniinae
Genus: Spongiosperma
Species: S. cataractarum – S. grandiflorum – S. longilobum – S. macrophyllum – S. oleifolium – S. riparium

Spongiosperma Zarucchi, Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 87: 48 (1987 publ. 1988)

Type species: Spongiosperma macrophyllum (Müll.Arg.) Zarucchi, Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 87(1): 58 (1987 publ. 1988)


Molongum sect. Trichosiphon Pichon Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 24: 168. (1948)


Zarucchi, J.L. 1988. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers 87(1): 48–50.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Spongiosperma in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Spongiosperma. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 21 2017. 2017. Spongiosperma. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 21.

Spongiosperma is a genus of plant in family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1988. It is native to the South America, nations of Venezuela, Colombia, and Brazil.[1][2]


Spongiosperma cataractarum Zarucchi - Bolívar State in SE Venezuela
Spongiosperma grandiflorum (Huber) Zarucchi - Amapá, Pará, Maranhão
Spongiosperma longilobum (Markgr.) Zarucchi - Amazonas State in NW Brazil
Spongiosperma macrophyllum (Müll.Arg.) Zarucchi - S Venezuela, SE Colombia, NW Brazil
Spongiosperma oleifolium (Monach.) Zarucchi - Amazonas State in S Venezuela
Spongiosperma riparium (Monach.) Zarucchi - S Venezuela, SE Colombia


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

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