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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales

Familia: Strelitziaceae
Genera: PhenakospermumRavenalaStrelitzia

Strelitziaceae Hutch. Fam. Fl. Pl. 2: 72. (1934), nom. cons.
Type genus: Strelitzia Banks


Hutchinson, J. 1934. Fam. Fl. Pl. 2: 72.
Andersson, L. (1998) Strelitziaceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae) 451-455.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Strelitziaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Nov. 14. Reference page.
Lohmueller F.A. 2005. The Botanical System of the Plants[1]

Vernacular names
suomi: Kolibrikukkakasvit
Nordfriisk: Strelitzienplaanten
svenska: Papegojblomsväxter
українська: Стрелітцієві
中文: 鹤望兰科

The Strelitziaceae comprise a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, very similar in appearance and growth habit to members of the related families Heliconiaceae and Musaceae (banana family). The three genera with seven species[2] of Strelitziaceae have been included in Musaceae in some classifications, but are generally recognized as a separate family in more recent treatments such as the APG II system (2003). The APG II system assigns the Strelitziaceae to the order Zingiberales in the commelinid clade.


The Strelitziaceae include three genera, all occurring in tropical to subtropical regions: Strelitzia with five species in southern Africa, Ravenala with a single species in Madagascar, and Phenakospermum with a single species in northern South America. The best-known species is the bird-of-paradise flower Strelitzia reginae, grown for its flowers worldwide in tropical and subtropical gardens, and a well-known flower in floristry. The other species of Strelitzia have less colourful flowers and are grown instead for their striking foliage. Also grown for its foliage is the traveller's tree, Ravenala madagascariensis.
Image Genus Living species
Bird of Paradise (2367720567).jpg Strelitzia Ait.

Strelitzia alba (syn. S. augusta) – White bird of paradise
Strelitzia caudata – Mountain strelitzia
Strelitzia nicolai – White or giant bird of paradise; wild banana; blue-and-white strelitzia
Strelitzia reginae (syn. S. parvifolia) – Strelitzia, bird of paradise, or crane lily
Strelitzia juncea (Ker Gawl.) – African desert banana

Ravenala madagascariensis (Novoa 1).jpg Phenakospermum Endl.

Phenakospermum guyannense

Travellers-Palm-flower.jpg Ravenala Adans.

Ravenala madagascariensis, traveller's tree or traveller's palm

Cladogram: Phylogeny of Zingiberales[3]













Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.

Sass et al 2016.


Sass, C; Iles, WJ; Barrett, CF; Smith, SY; Specht, CD (21 January 2016). "Revisiting the Zingiberales: using multiplexed exon capture to resolve ancient and recent phylogenetic splits in a charismatic plant lineage". PeerJ. 4: e1584. doi:10.7717/peerj.1584. PMC 4727956. PMID 26819846.

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