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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Astereae
Subtribus: Podocominae
Genus: Tetramolopium
Species: Tetramolopium capillare

Tetramolopium capillare (Gaudich.) H.St.John

Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. St. Louis, MO 52:432. 1965
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Tetramolopium capillare in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: pamakani

Tetramolopium capillare is a rare species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common name pamakani.[1] It is endemic to Hawaii, where it is known only from the island of Maui. There are four occurrences for a total of fewer than 200 individuals. It is threatened by the degradation of its habitat caused by introduced plant species. It is a federally listed endangered species of the United States.[2]

This plant is a spreading shrub growing up to about 80 centimeters long and bearing solitary flower heads. It grows in shrubland and chaparral habitat, often on slopes and ridges.[2]


USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Tetramolopium capillare". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
Tetramolopium capillare. The Nature Conservancy.

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