Fine Art

Thymus moroderi

Thymus moroderi (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Menthinae
Genus: Thymus
Sectio: T. sect. Pseudothymbra
Subsectio: T. subsect. Pseudothymbra
Species: Thymus moroderi

Thymus moroderi Pau ex Martínez, Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 14: 465 (1934).

Thymus cephalotos L., Sp. Pl. 1: 592 (1753), nom. rej..
Thymbra cephalotos (L.) Desv., Mém. Soc. Agric. Angers 1: 64 (1831).
Origanum cephalotos (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 528 (1891).
Thymus longiflorus var. ciliatus Sandwith, Cavanillesia 3: 47 (1930).
Thymus longiflorus subsp. ciliatus (Sandwith) Rivas Mart., Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 34: 545 (1977).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Additional references

Morales, R. 2010. Thymus. Pp. 349–409 in Castroviejo, S.†, Morales, R., Quintanar, A., Cabezas, F., Pujadas, A. & Cirujano, S. (eds.), Flora Ibérica. Plantas Vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Vol. XII. Verbenaceae − Labiatae − Callitrichaceae. liv + 650 pp., Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid. ISBN 978-84-00-09041-8. PDF. Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2019. Thymus moroderi. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 10 May. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Thymus moroderi in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Thymus moroderi. Published online. Accessed: 10 May 2019.

Thymus moroderi is a small plant from the genus Thymus. It is endemic to some areas in the southern, driest part of the Alicante province (where it is called cantahueso or cantueso both in Spanish and Valencian) along with some isolated and similarly subarid locations in the contiguous Región de Murcia (Spain).

Thymus moroderi must not be confused with the somewhat similar in appearance (yet from the genus Lavandula) Lavandula stoechas, which is also called cantueso in Spanish.

When not blooming, thymus moroderi is an inconspicuous, dark green plant with tiny leaves and an overall modest appearance. Its typical size is small, with mature specimens reaching in optimal conditions a radius of some 25 cm, and approximately 20 cm height.

It blooms from April through early June; during these weeks, its normally dull appearance changes dramatically by virtue of its conspicuous flowers.

Thymus moroderi is a xerophyte plant which thrives in areas with a total annual precipitation of 300mm and less, as recorded in the southern part of the Alicante province and contiguous areas in Murcia. It also shows a preference for otherwise extremely poor soils, especially those showing traces of gypsum.

Despite Thymus moroderi not being listed in any endangered species collection, arguably it is not a common species because of its patchy distribution, often being present within areas densely populated, with the risk of flower picking for traditional usages (which, despite recommendations to only trim the plant, some may still carry out by uprooting it completely).
Popular uses

Cantueso, a traditional local liquor, is distilled from the plant.[1]

Besides, mostly around the city of Elche the flowers of Thymus moroderi are traditionally picked and then desiccated for ready consumption through the year as a stomach herbal tonic, which is brewed as herbal tea.

Since 2013 different trials have been started in order to domesticate the species, so to allow commercial cultivation.[1] Besides the traditional ones, other potential usages being considered are connected to its essential oil and ornamental qualities.[1]

"Cantueso con I+D+i". La Verdad. Retrieved 22 May 2016.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World