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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Lomandroideae
Genus: Thysanotus
Overview of species

{T. acerosifolius – T. anceps – T. arbuscula – T. arenarius – T. asper – T. banksii – T. baueri – T. brachiatus – T. brachyantherus – T. brevifolius – T. chinensis – T. cymosus – T. dichotomus – T. exfimbriatus – T. exiliflorus – T. fastigiatus – T. formosus – T. fractiflexus – T. fragrans – T. gageoides – T. glaucifolius – T. glaucus – T. gracilis – T. isantherus – T. juncifolius – T. lavanduliflorus – T. manglesianus – T. multiflorus – T. newbeyi – T. nudicaulis – T. parviflorus – T. patersonii – T. pauciflorus – T. pseudojunceus – T. pyramidalis – T. racemoides – T. ramulosus – T. rectantherus – T. sabulosus – T. scaber – T. sparteus – T. speckii – T. spiniger – T. tenellus – T. tenuis – T. teretifolius – T. thyrsoideus – T. triandrus – T. tuberosus – T. unicupensis – T. vernalis – T. virgatus – T. wangariensis

Thysanotus R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 282. 1810, nom. cons.

Type species: Thysanotus junceus R.Br., nom. illeg. = T. juncifolius – (Salisb.) J.H.Willis & Court


Chlamysporum Salisb., Parad. Lond. ad t. 103. 1808, nom. rej.
Type species: Chlamysporum juncifolium Salisb.
Halongia Jeanpl., Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 296. 1971.
Type species: Halongia purpurea Jeanpl.
Isandra Salisb., Gen. Pl. 67. 1866.
Type species: non design.
Thysanella Salisb., Gen. Pl. 67. 1866.
Type species: Ornithogalum triandrum Labill.

Native distribution areas:

China Southeast.
Eastern Asia
Thailand, Vietnam.
Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi.
New Guinea.
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. pp. i–viii + 145–590, Londini: R.Taylor. BHL Reference page. : 282.

Additional references

Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996-. Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2010 Oct 13 [1].


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Thysanotus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 January 22. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Thysanotus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 January 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Thysanotus. Published online. Accessed: 22 January 2019. 2019. Thysanotus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 January 2019.

Vernacular names

中文: 异蕊

Thysanotus is a genus of perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae.[2] They are mostly native to Australia with 45 of the 50 known species occurring in Western Australia alone, although a few species range northward into New Guinea and Southeast Asia as far north as southern China.[1][3]

Species include:

Thysanotus acerosifolius Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus anceps Lindl. - Fringe-Lily - Western Australia
Thysanotus arbuscula Baker - Western Australia
Thysanotus arenarius Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus asper Lindl. - Hairy Fringe-lily - Western Australia
Thysanotus banksii R.Br. - Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New Guinea
Thysanotus baueri R.Br. - Mallee Fringe-lily. - Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales
Thysanotus brachiatus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus brachyantherus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus brevifolius Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus chinensis Benth. - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan,, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, New Guinea, Western Australia, Queensland, Northern Territory
Thysanotus cymosus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus dichotomus (Labill.) R.Br. - Branching Fringe-lily - Western Australia
Thysanotus exiliflorus F.Muell. - Western Australia, South Australia, Northern Territory
Thysanotus fastigiatus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus formosus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus fractiflexus Brittan South Australia (including Kangaroo Island)
Thysanotus gageoides Diels - Western Australia
Thysanotus glaucifolius Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus glaucus Endl. - Western Australia
Thysanotus gracilis R.Br. - Western Australia
Thysanotus isantherus R.Br. - Western Australia
Thysanotus juncifolius (Salisb.) J.H.Willis & Court - South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland
Thysanotus lavanduliflorus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus manglesianus Kunth - Fringed Lily - Western Australia
Thysanotus multiflorus R.Br. - Many-flowered Fringe-lily - Western Australia
Thysanotus newbeyi Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus nudicaulis Brittan - Western AustraliaSouth Australia
Thysanotus parviflorus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus patersonii R.Br. - Twining Fringe-lily - Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales
Thysanotus pauciflorus R.Br.- Few-lowered Fringe-lily - Western Australia
Thysanotus pseudojunceus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus pyramidalis Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus ramulosus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus rectantherus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus sabulosus Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus scaber Endl. - Western Australia
Thysanotus sparteus R.Br. - Western Australia
Thysanotus speckii Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus spiniger Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus tenellus Endl. in J.G.C.Lehmann - Western AustraliaSouth Australia
Thysanotus tenuis Lindl. - Western Australia
Thysanotus teretifolius Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus thyrsoideus Baker - Western Australia
Thysanotus triandrus (Labill.) R.Br. - Western Australia
Thysanotus tuberosus R.Br. - Common Fringe-lily - New Guinea, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria
Thysanotus unicupensis Sirisena, T.D.Macfarl. & Conran - Western Australia
Thysanotus vernalis Brittan - Western Australia
Thysanotus virgatus Brittan - New South Wales
Thysanotus wangariensis Brittan - South Australia

See also

List of plants known as lily


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x

Flora of China, Vol. 24 Page 203, 异蕊草属 yi rui cao shu, Thysanotus R. Brown, Prodr. 282. 1810.

"Thysanotus". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
"Thysanotus". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Thysanotus". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
"Thysanotus". Electronic Flora of South Australia Fact Sheet. State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 2007-10-12.

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