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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Clusiaceae
Tribus: Clusieae
Genus: Tovomita
Species: T. acutiflora – T. aequatoriensis – T. albiflora – T. amazonica – T. atropurpurea – T. auriculata – T. brevistaminea – T. calodictyos – T. caloneura – T. calophyllophylla – T. carinata – T. chachapoyasensis – T. choisyana – T. clarkii – T. clusiiflora – T. divaricata – T. duckei – T. eggersii – T. elliptica – T. fanshawei – T. foldatsii – T. fructipendula – T. gazelii – T. glazioviana – T. gracilipes – T. grata – T. guianensis – T. hopkinsii – T. humilis – T. iaspidis – T. killipii – T. krukovii – T. laurina – T. leucantha – T. longifolia – T. macrophylla – T. mangle – T. martiana – T. megantha – T. melinonii – T. micrantha – T. microcarpa – T. morii – T. obovata – T. obscura – T. parviflora – T. pauciflora – T. plumieri – T. pyrifolia – T. riedeliana – T. rubella – T. salimenae – T. schomburgkii – T. secunda – T. speciosa – T. spruceana – T. stergiosii – T. stylosa – T. tenuiflora – T. trachycarpa – T. trojitana – T. turbinata – T. umbellata – T. uniflora – T. vismiifolia – T. volkeri – T. weberbaueri
Source(s) of checklist:

Tovomita Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 956–957, pl. 363 (1775)

Type species: Tovomita guianensis Aubl.

Note: This genus has been dismantled and Arawakia is raised to accommodate Tovomita weddelliana and its allies (Marinho et al., 2019).
Primary references

Fusée Aublet, J.B.C. 1775. Histoire des plantes de la Guiane françoise, rangées suivant la méthode sexuelle, avec plusieurs mémoires sur différens objets intéressans, relatifs à la culture & au commerce de la Guiane françoise, & une notice des plantes de l' Isle-de-France. Tome 2. Pp. 622–976, tabl. 1–52, misc. 1–160. Pierre-François Didot jeune, Londres [London], Paris. BHL. Reference page. : 2: 956–957.

Additional references

Marinho, L.C., Cai, L., Duan, X., Ruhfel, B.R., Fiaschi, P., Amorim, A.M., van den Berg, C. & Davis, C.C. 2019. Plastomes resolve generic limits within tribe Clusieae (Clusiaceae) and reveal the new genus Arawakia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 134: 142-151. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2019.02.005 Paywall Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2019. Tovomita. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 18. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Tovomita in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Tovomita. Published online. Accessed: October 18 2019. 2021. Tovomita. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 18.

Tovomita is a genus of flowering plants in the family Clusiaceae. They are noted for having white-yellow latex and containing xanthones. The genus is distributed in the tropical Americas, with many occurring in Venezuela. Most are native to the forests of the Amazon.[1]

Most Tovomita species are trees, and a few are shrubs. They sometimes have buttress roots. There are monoecious and dioecious species.[2]

The taxonomy of this genus and its relatives is a current topic of research. Phylogenetic analyses have helped to clarify relationships between the species, and many new species have been named and described in recent years.[3][4] The genus Tovomita is not monophyletic.[4]

Some species are considered to be threatened, but the conservation status for most Tovomita species is not known due to lack of data. The most significant threat to the species is the deforestation of the Amazon.[1]

As of 2019 there are about 50 species.[3]

Species include:[5]

Tovomita aequatoriensis
Tovomita brasiliensis
Tovomita brevistaminea
Tovomita chachapoyasensis
Tovomita croatii
Tovomita longifolia
Tovomita macrophylla
Tovomita microcarpa
Tovomita rubella
Tovomita stylosa
Tovomita weberbaueri
Tovomita weddelliana


Synonyms of this genus are:[2]

Marialvaea Mart.
Tovomitidium Ducke


BGCI publishes Red List of Neotropical genus Tovomita. Botanic Gardens Conservation International.
Cuello, N. L. Tovomita. In: J. A., et al., Eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Missouri Botanical Garden.
Marinho, L. C. et al. 2019. A gold mine: four more new species of Tovomita (Clusiaceae: Clusieae) from Amazonia. Willdenowia 49(3) 343-50.
Marinho, L. C., et al. 2019. Plastomes resolve generic limits within tribe Clusieae (Clusiaceae) and reveal the new genus Arawakia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 134 142-51.
Tovomita. Plants of the World Online. Kew Science.

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