Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Typhaceae
Genera: SparganiumTypha

Typhaceae Juss., Gen. Pl. 25. (1789) nom. cons.

Typus: Typha L. Sp. Pl. 2: 971. (1753)


Sparganiaceae Hanin, Cours Bot.: 400. 1811, nom. cons.

Primary references

Jussieu, A.L. de 1789. Genera plantarum, secundum ordines naturales disposita juxta methodum in Horto Regio Parisiensi exaratam. 498 pp. Paris: Herissant et Theophile Barrois. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Kubitzki, K. (1998) Typhaceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae) 457-461.

Links 2013. Typhaceae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Sept. 16. 2013. Typhaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Sept. 16.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Typhaceae. Published online. Accessed: 16 Sept. 2013.

Vernacular names
العربية: بوطية
asturianu: Tifacees en sentíu ampliu
български: Папурови
català: Tifàcia
čeština: Orobincovité
чӑвашла: Патанпаш йышĕ
dansk: Dunhammer-familien
Deutsch: Rohrkolbengewächse
dolnoserbski: Rogožowe rostliny
English: Cattail family
español: Tifáceas en sentido amplio
eesti: Hundinuialised
فارسی: لوئیان
suomi: Osmankäämikasvit
Nordfriisk: Boberrosken
Frysk: Tuorrebout
hornjoserbsce: Rohodźowe rostliny
magyar: Gyékényfélék
日本語: ガマ科
қазақша: Қоға тұқымдасы
한국어: 부들과
Nederlands: Lisdoddefamilie
norsk nynorsk: Dunkjevlefamilien
norsk: Dunkjevleslekta
polski: Pałkowate
پنجابی: دب ٹبر
русский: Рогозовые
slovenčina: Pálkovité
svenska: Kaveldunsväxter
తెలుగు: టైఫేసి
ไทย: วงศ์ธูปฤๅษี
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qoʻgʻadoshlar
Tiếng Việt: Họ Hương bồ
中文: 香蒲科

The Typhaceae (/taɪˈfeɪsii/) are a family of flowering plants, sometimes called the cattail family.[2] The botanical name for the family has been recognized by most taxonomists.


Members can be recognized as large marsh herbs with two-ranked leaves and a brownish compact spike of unisexual flowers.

The earliest fossils, including pollen and flowers, have been recovered from late Cretaceous deposits.[3]
Taxonomic history

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), also recognizes this family, and assigns it to the order Poales in the clade commelinids, in the monocots. The family then consisted of one genus (Typha), totalling a dozen species of perennial plants of wet habitats. More recently, the APG III system of 2009 included a second genus, Sparganium, in this family. The two genera together have a total of 51 known species.[4]

The Cronquist system, of 1981, also recognized such a family and placed it in the order Typhales, in the subclass Commelinidae in class Liliopsida in division Magnoliophyta.

The Wettstein system, last updated in 1935, placed the family in order Pandanales.

Stevens, P. F. "ANGIOSPERM PHYLOGENY WEBSITE, version 12". Typhaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
"Flowers - Cattail Family, Typhaceae - NatureGate".
Bremer, K. (2002). "Gondwanan Evolution of the Grass Alliance of Families (Poales)." Evolution, 56(7): 1374-1387. [1]
Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World