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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Colchicaceae
Tribus: Anguillarieae

Genus: Wurmbea
Species: W. angustifolia – W. australis – W. biglandulosa – W. burttii – W. calcicola – W. capensis – W. centralis – W. cernua – W. citrina – W. compacta – W. decumbens – W. densiflora – W. deserticola – W. dilatata – W. dioica – W. dolichantha – W. drummondii – W. elatior – W. elongata – W. fluviatilis – W. glassii – W. graniticola – W. hiemalis – W. inflata – W. inframediana – W. inusta – W. kraussii – W. latifolia – W. marginata – W. minima – W. monantha – W. monopetala – W. murchisoniana – W. nilpinna – W. novae-zelandiae – W. odorata – W. punctata – W. pusilla – W. pygmaea – W. recurva – W. robusta – W. saccata – W. sinora – W. spicata – W. stellata – W. stricta – W. tenella – W. tenuis – W. tubulosa – W. uniflora – W. variabilis

Wurmbea Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. 1: 18. 1781.

Type species: Wurmbea capensis Thunb.


Anguillaria R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 273. 1810, nom. illeg.
Dipidax P.Lawson ex Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 54. 1866.
Neodregea C.H.Wright, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1909: 308. 1909.
Onixotis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 32. 1837.
Skizima Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 32. 1837.

Native distribution areas:

West Tropical Africa
West-Central Tropical Africa
Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Zaïre.
East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
South Tropical Africa
Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
Cape Provinces, Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Swaziland, Northern Provinces.
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
New Zealand
New Zealand South.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Primary references

Thunberg, C.P. (ed.) 1781. Nova Genera Plantarum, quorum partem primam, suffrag. exper. Facult. med. upsal. publice ventilandam exhibent praeses Carol. P. Thunberg, ... et respondens Claudius Fr. Hornstedt, O-Gothus. In Audit. Gust. d. xxiv. nov. anno mdcclxxxi. Horis solitis. Upsaliae. 28 p. Upsaliae: Joh, Edman. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.88 (as Acta medicorum suecicorum 1: 207–234, tab. xvi. 1783.) Reference page. : 1: 18.

Additional references

Vinnersten, A. & Manning, J.C. 2007. A new classification of Colchicaceae. Taxon 56(1): 171–178. Wiley JSTOR Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Wurmbea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov 25. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Wurmbea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Wurmbea. Published online. Accessed: October 20 2019. 2019. Wurmbea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 20.
Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Wurmbea in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Accessed: 2018 Nov 25.

Vernacular names

Wurmbea is a genus of perennial herbs in the family Colchicaceae, native to Africa and Australia. There are about 50 species, with about half endemic to each continent.

Recently the circumscription of the genus Wurmbea has been increased to include Onixotis punctata and Onixotis stricta.[1]

African species accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as of January 2015 are:[2][3]

Wurmbea angustifolia B.Nord. – E. Zimbabwe to S. Africa
Wurmbea burttii B.Nord. – Lesotho to KwaZulu-Natal
Wurmbea capensis Thunb. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea compacta B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea dolichantha B.Nord. – W. Cape Province
Wurmbea elatior B.Nord. – S. Africa
Wurmbea elongata B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea glassii (C.H.Wright) J.C.Manning & Vinn. – S. Cape Province
Wurmbea hiemalis B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea inusta (Baker) B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea kraussii Baker – S. Africa
Wurmbea marginata (Desr.) B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea minima B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea monopetala (L.f.) B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea punctata (L.) J.C.Manning & Vinn. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea pusilla E.Phillips – Lesotho to KwaZulu-Natal
Wurmbea recurva B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea robusta B.Nord. – S.W. Cape Province
Wurmbea spicata (Burm.f.) T.Durand & Schinz – Cape Province
Wurmbea stricta (Burm.f.) J.C.Manning & Vinn. – Cape Province
Wurmbea tenuis (Hook.f.) Baker – Tropical & S. Africa
Wurmbea variabilis B.Nord. – Cape Province

Australian species accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as of January 2015 are:[2]

Wurmbea australis (R.J.Bates) R.J.Bates – South Australia
Wurmbea biglandulosa (R.Br.) T.D.Macfarl. – S.E. Queensland to SE. Australia
Wurmbea calcicola T.D.Macfarl. – S.W. Australia
Wurmbea centralis T.D.Macfarl. – Central & S. Australia
Wurmbea cernua T.D.Macfarl. – S. Western Australia
Wurmbea citrina (R.J.Bates) R.J.Bates – S.E. Australia
Wurmbea decumbens R.J.Bates – South Australia (Eyre Peninsula)
Wurmbea densiflora (Benth.) T.D.Macfarl. – Western Australia
Wurmbea deserticola T.D.Macfarl. – W. & Central Australia
Wurmbea dilatata T.D.Macfarl. – W. Western Australia
Wurmbea dioica (R.Br.) F.Muell. – S.W. & S.E. Australia
Wurmbea drummondii Benth. – S.W. Australia
Wurmbea fluviatilis T.D.Macfarl. & A.L.Case – N.W. Western Australia
Wurmbea graniticola T.D.Macfarl. – S.W. Australia
Wurmbea inflata T.D.Macfarl. & A.L.Case – W. Central Western Australia
Wurmbea inframediana T.D.Macfarl. – W. Western Australia
Wurmbea latifolia T.D.Macfarl. – S.E. Australia
Wurmbea monantha (Endl.) T.D.Macfarl. – W. & S.W. Western Australia
Wurmbea murchisoniana T.D.Macfarl. – W. Western Australia
Wurmbea nilpinna R.J.Bates – South Australia
Wurmbea odorata T.D.Macfarl. – W. Western Australia
Wurmbea pygmaea (Endl.) Benth. – WS.W. Western Australia
Wurmbea saccata T.D.Macfarl. & S.J.van Leeuwen – N.W. Western Australia
Wurmbea sinora T.D.Macfarl. – S.W. & S. Western Australia
Wurmbea stellata R.J.Bates – South Australia
Wurmbea tenella (Endl.) Benth. – Western Australia
Wurmbea tubulosa Benth. – WS.W. Western Australia
Wurmbea uniflora (R.Br.) T.D.Macfarl. – S.E. Australia



Manning, John (2008). Field Guide to Fynbos. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. ISBN 978-1-77007-265-7.
"Search for Wurmbea". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2015-01-18.

"Wurmbea". African flowering plants database. Retrieved 2008-11-01.


"Wurmbea ". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2008-07-25.
"Wurmbea". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust. Retrieved 2008-07-25.

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