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Zephyranthes atamasco

Zephyranthes atamasco (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Hippeastreae
Subtribus: Hippeastrinae
Genus: Zephyranthes
Species: Zephyranthes atamasco
Name

Zephyranthes atamasco (L.) Herb. (1821)
Synonyms

Homotypic

Amaryllis atamasco L., Sp. Pl.: 292. 1753.

Note: Amaryllis atamasco Blanco = Hippeastrum miniatum

Atamasco atamasco (L.) Greene, Pittonia 3: 187. 1897, nom. inval.

Heterotypic

Amaryllis aramasco L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 420. 1762, orth. var.
Amaryllis atanasia Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 486. 1766.
Amaryllis pulchella Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 229. 1796.
Amaryllis verecunda Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 229. 1796.
Zephyranthes atamasco var. minor Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 171. 1837.
Amaryllis virginiensis Oken, Allg. Naturgesch. 3(1): 544. 1841.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Southeastern USA
Alabama; Florida; Georgia; Maryland; Mississippi; North Carolina; South Carolina; Virginia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Herbert, W. 1821. Appendix 36. "atamasco"

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Zephyranthes atamasco in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Zephyranthes atamasco. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 01 2018.
Tropicos.org 2018. Zephyranthes atamasco. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Zephyranthes atamasco in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.


Zephyranthes atamasca, commonly known as the atamasco-lily or more generally a rain-lily,[1] is native to the southeastern United States. It grows in swampy forests and coastal prairies, preferring acid boggy soils rich with leaf mold. Following the appearance of broad, grassy leaves in early winter, it blooms in March or April. It has several narrow, linear basal leaves about 0.5 in (13 mm) wide and 10–15 in (25–38 cm) long.[2] Its native range extends from Florida north to Maryland and west to Mississippi.[3] The species is also naturalized in Bermuda and in the Mariana Islands.[4] Both its leaves and bulbs are poisonous.[5]

Taxonomy

The scientific name of this species has a somewhat complex history. In 1753, in the first edition of Species Plantarum, Carl Linnaeus placed it in the genus Amaryllis using the epithet "Atamasca" (the capital "A" showing that this was intended as a noun, not an adjective).[6] However, in the second edition of Species Plantarum, he changed the spelling to "Atamasco" (again with a capital "A").[7] "Atamasco" is the Native American name.[8] When in 1821, William Herbert transferred the species to his genus Zephyranthes he used Linnaeus's later spelling for the epithet, i.e. Zephyranthes atamasco,[9] this being the type species of the genus. Many sources have used this spelling subsequently. However, the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants conserves the type of Zephyranthes using the spelling atamasca.[1][10]
Synonyms

Synonyms include the following:[11]

Amaryllis atamasco L., orth. var.

Note: Amaryllis atamasco Blanco = Hippeastrum miniatum[12]

Amaryllis aramasco L., orth. var.
Amaryllis atanasia Crantz
Amaryllis pulchella Salisb.
Amaryllis verecunda Salisb.
Amaryllis virginiensis Oken
Atamasco atamasco (L.) Greene, nom. inval.
Zephyranthes atamasco var. minor Herb.

References

"Zephyranthes atamasca". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2015-04-15.
"Atamasco Lily Wildflower".
1. Zephyranthes atamasca (Linnaeus) Herbert. Flora of North America
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Niering, William A.; Olmstead, Nancy C. (1985) [1979]. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers, Eastern Region. Knopf. p. 323. ISBN 0-394-50432-1.
Linnaeus, C. (1753). "Amaryllis". Species Plantarum. 1 (first ed.). p. 292. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
Linnaeus, C. (1762). "Amaryllis". Species Plantarum. 1 (second ed.). p. 420. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
Hyam, R. & Pankhurst, R.J. (1995). Plants and their names : a concise dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 536. ISBN 978-0-19-866189-4.
Herbert, William (1821). "An appendix". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. London. 48: 36. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
"Search for 'Zephyranthes' in 'Code Appendices'". Proposals and Disposals. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
"Zephyranthes atamasco (L.) Herb.". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 9 Feb 2016 – via The Plant List.

"Amaryllis atamasco". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2013-01-07.

Garden Bulbs for the South (1994)

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