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Zephyranthes candida

Zephyranthes candida , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Hippeastreae
Subtribus: Hippeastrinae
Genus: Zephyranthes
Species: Zephyranthes candida

Zephyranthes candida (Lindl.) Herb., 1826


Amaryllis candida Lindl., Bot. Reg. 9: t. 724 (1823).

Note: Amaryllis candida (Stapf) = Hippeastrum argentinum

Plectronema candida (Lindl.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 10 (1838).
Argyropsis candida (Lindl.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 125 (1847).
Atamosco candida (Lindl.) Sasaki, List Pl. Formosa: 112 (1928).


Amaryllis nivea Schult. et Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer et J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 799 (1830).
Zephyranthes nivea (Schult. et Schult.f.) D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 2: 1176 (1840).


Zephyranthes × ajax Spreng.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
SE. & S. Brazil to NE. Argentina

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Herbert, W., Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed ... London 53: t. 2607. 1826


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Zephyranthes candida in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Zephyranthes candida. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 01 2018. 2018. Zephyranthes candida. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Zephyranthes candida in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Zephyranthes candida, with common names that include autumn zephyrlily,[2] white windflower,[3] white rain lily,[4] and Peruvian swamp lily,[5] is a species of rain lily native to South America including Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. The species is widely cultivated as an ornamental and reportedly naturalized in many places (South Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, central and southern China, Korea, Nansei-shoto (Ryukyu Islands), Bhutan, Solomon Islands, Queensland, Nauru, Tonga, Society Islands, Mariana Islands, southeastern United States (from Texas to North Carolina), the Lesser Antilles, and Peru).[6][7]

Leaves are a deep glossy green and measure 3 mm wide. Flowers, which bud late in August (when propagated in the Northern Hemisphere) at first resemble a new leaf, but emerge from their papery sheaves to a stunning whiteness; they are erect in perianth white and sometimes pinkish abaxially. The leaf-like bract is 1.8 to 4 cm. They grow best in full sun to part shade and require a medium wet soil. Propagation is done by dividing bulbs or offsets and from seed.[8][9][10][11]

Zephyranthes candida was first described by John Lindley in 1823 as Amaryllis candida.[9] It was transferred to its current genus in 1826 by William Herbert.[8][3] Other common names of Zephyranthes candida include August rain lily, white zephyr lily, white fairy lily, white rain lily, and autumn zephyr lily.


Hardiness: USDA zones 7-10.
Chemical constituents

It contains lycorine, nerinine, haemanthamine, tazettine, haemanthidine, zephyranthine.[12]
See also

List of plants known as lily


The Plant List
"Zephyranthes candida". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
"Zephyranthes candida". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
"Zephyranthes candida". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
"Royal Horticultural Society: Find a Plant". Retrieved 20 December 2014.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Biota of North American Program
Herbert, William. 1826. Botanical Magazine 53: pl. 2607, Zephyranthes candida
Lindley, John. 1823. Botanical Register 9: pl. 724, Amaryllis candida
Sasaki, Shun-ichi. 1928. List of Plants of Formosa 112, as Atamosco candida
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1838. Flora Telluriana 4: 10. as Plectronema candida
"Katoch D and Singh B, Med Aromat Plants" (PDF).

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