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Zephyranthes minuta

Zephyranthes minuta (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Hippeastreae
Subtribus: Hippeastrinae
Genus: Zephyranthes
Species: Zephyranthes minuta
Name

Zephyranthes minuta (Kunth) D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 2: 1176. 1840.
Synonyms

Basionym
Amaryllis minuta Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.) (Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth) 1: 278. 1816.
Homotypic
Zephyranthes grandiflora Lindl., Bot. Reg. 11: t. 902. 1825, nom. illeg.
Heterotypic
Amaryllis minima Ker Gawl., J. Sci. Arts (London) 2: 350. 1817.
Amaryllis pallida Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. (Roemer & Schultes) 7: 801. 1830, nom. illeg.
Amaryllis striatula Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. (Roemer & Schultes) 7: 801. 1830.
Amaryllis verecunda (Herb.) Schult. & Schult.f., Syst. Veg. (Roemer & Schultes) 7: 800. 1830, nom. illeg.
Zephyranthes ackermannia (Herb.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 124. 1847.
Zephyranthes grahamiana Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 175. 1837.
Zephyranthes lilacina Liebm., Index Seminum (C) 1844: s.p.. 1844.
Zephyranthes nervosa D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 2: 1176. 1840, nom. illeg.
Zephyranthes pallida M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 124. 1847.
Zephyranthes sessilis var. ackermannia Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 175. 1837.
Zephyranthes sessilis var. striata (Herb.) Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 175. 1837.
Zephyranthes sessilis var. verecunda (Herb.) Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 175. 1837.
Zephyranthes striata Herb., Bot. Mag. 52: t. 2593. 1825.
Zephyranthes verecunda Herb., Bot. Mag. 52: t. 2583. 1825.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Northern America
Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
Southern America
Central America
Guatemala.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Dietrich, D.N.F., Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed ... London 52: t. 2594. 1825 Sep
Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & and Strong, M. T. 2005. Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium vol. 52: 1–415.
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. & Strong, M.T. Flora of the West Indies. Smithsonian Institution. Published on internet. Accessed 2009 Oct 28 [1].

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Zephyranthes minuta in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Zephyranthes minuta. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 01 2018.
Tropicos.org 2018. Zephyranthes minuta. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Zephyranthes minuta in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Zephyranthes minuta is a plant species very often referred to as Zephyranthes grandiflora, including in Flora of North America.[2] The latter is, however, an illegitimate name because the original author in coining the name Zephyranthes grandiflora listed the older name Amaryllis minuta as a synonym.[3] This makes "minuta"[4] the acceptable epithet under the ICN. In the UK it is a recipient of the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]

Description
Flower of Zephyranthes minuta

Zephyranthes minuta is a bulb-forming perennial with shiny green leaves up to 7 mm wide. Flowers in wild specimens are usually pink, funnel-shaped, up to 9 cm long. Cultivated specimens are frequently larger, often with extra tepals.[2][6]
Distribution

Zephyranthes minuta[6] is native to Mexico and Guatemala but widely cultivated as an ornamental and reportedly naturalized in Hawaii, the Andaman Islands, the islands of the Southwestern Caribbean (belonging to Colombia, Nicaragua and Honduras), and the southeastern United States (Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama and Florida).[2][7]
Chemical composition

The following compounds are found in this plant: Pancratistatin, Zephgrabetaine, Lycorine, Galanthine, Lycoramine, Hamayne, Hamanthamine, Tortuosine, Ungeremin.[8]

References

The Plant List
Flora of North America, Zephyranthes grandiflora
Lindley, John. 1925. Zephyranthes grandiflora, Large-flowered Zephyranthes. Botanical Register 11: pl. 902
Humboldt, Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von, Bonpland, Aimé Jacques Alexandre & Karl Sigismund Kunth. 1816. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.) 1: 278. Amaryllis minuta
"Zephyranthes minuta". www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
Dietrich, David Nathaniel Friedrich. 1840. Synopsis Plantarum 2: 1176, Zephyranthes minuta
Biota of North America Propject, Zephyranthes grandiflora
"Katoch D and Singh B, Med Aromat Plants" (PDF).

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