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Abies chensiensis - Botanischer Garten Freiburg - DSC06476

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Abies
Sectio: A. sect. Momi
Species: Abies chensiensis
Varietates: A. c. var. chensiensis – A. c. var. ernestii – A. c. var. salouenensis – A. c. var. yulongxueshanensis

Abies chensiensis Tiegh., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 38: 413 (1892).

Typus: China: Shaanxi: Jinling mountains, forests above 3000 m. 1872. A.David. (Holotype: P).

Native distribution areas:

China North-Central (Gansu, Shaanxi), China South-Central (Hubei, Sichuan), China Southeast (Henan), Tibet.
Indian Subcontinent
East Himalaya.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Additional references

Fu, L.K., Nan, L., Elias, T.S. & Mill, R.R. 1999. Abies chensiensis. Pp. 46 in Wu, Zh.Y. & Raven, P.H. (eds.), Flora of China. Volume 4: Cycadaceae through Fagaceae. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, ISBN 0-915279-70-3. efloras Reference page.
Farjon, A. 2001. World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers. 2. ed., 309 pp. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-025-0 Reference page.
Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden. ISBN 90-04-17718-3. Reference page.
Shao, Y.Z. & Xiang, Q.P. 2015. Species delimitation and phylogeography of the Abies chensiensis complex inferred from morphological and molecular data. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177: 175-188. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12235 Paywall Reference page.


Farjon, A., Li, J.-y., Li, N., Li, Y., Carter, G., Katsuki, T., Liao, W., Luscombe, D, Qin, H.-n., Rao, L.-b., Rushforth, K., Yang, Y., Yu, S., Xiang, Q. & Zhang, D. 2011. Abies chensiensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011. IUCN Red List Category: Least Concern. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T42274A10675568.en.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Abies chensiensis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 March 5. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Abies chensiensis. Published online. Accessed: 5 March 2021.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Schensi-Tanne
English: Shensi fir
Türkçe: Shensi göknarı
中文: 秦岭冷杉

Abies chensiensis, the Shensi fir, is a fir native to Gansu, Hubei, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan in China, and Arunachal Pradesh in India. It was first described by Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem in 1892.[1][2]


The Shensi fir is a straight-stemmed, evergreen tree, which can reach heights of up to 50 m (160 ft) and can have a diameter at breast height of up to 250 cm (98 in).

The natural distribution of the Shensi fir is roughly bounded to the north by the Chinese provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu, and to the south by the Yunnan province. It most commonly grows in heights of 2300 to 3000 metres in regions with an annual precipitation between 1000 and 2000 mm.[3]

The soft, light timber of the Shensi fir is finely grained, and is predominantly used as a construction material.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abies chensiensis.

Farjon, A.; Li, J.-y.; Li, N.; Li, Y.; Carter, G.; Katsuki, T.; Liao, W.; Luscombe, D.; Qin, H.-n.; Rao, L.-b.; Rushforth, K.; Yang, Y.; Yu, S.; Xiang, Q.; Zhang, D (2011). "Abies chensiensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T42274A10675568. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T42274A10675568.en. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
"Abies chensiensis". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 11 March 2009. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
Christoph J. Earle. "The Gymnosperm Database - Abies chensiensis". Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2019.

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