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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Cupressaceae
Subfamilia: Callitroideae
Genus: Libocedrus
Species: L. austrocaledonica – L. bidwillii – L. chevalieri –L. plumosa – L. yateensis

Paleospecies: †L. balfourensis – †L. leaensis – †L. microformis –

Libocedrus Endl., Syn. Conif.: 42 (1847)

Type species: Libocedrus plumosa (D.Don) Druce, Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1916: 633 (1917) designated as synonym Libocedrus doniana (Hook.) Endl., Syn. Conif.: 43 (1847)


Stegocedrus Doweld, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 42 (2001)

Primary references

Endlicher, S.L. 1847. Synopsis Coniferarum 42.

Additional references

Paull, R., & Hill, R. S. 2009. Libocedrus macrofossils from Tasmania (Australia). International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 381–399.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Libocedrus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2017 Feb. 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Libocedrus. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 10 2017.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Schuppenzedern
Libocedrus is a genus of five species of coniferous trees in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to New Zealand and New Caledonia.[1] The genus is closely related to the South American genera Pilgerodendron and Austrocedrus, and the New Guinean genus Papuacedrus, both of which are included within Libocedrus by some botanists. These genera are rather similar to the Northern Hemisphere genera Calocedrus and Thuja: in earlier days, what is now Calocedrus was sometimes included in Libocedrus. They are much less closely related, as recently confirmed (Gadek et al. 2000). The generic name means "teardrop cedar", apparently referring to drops of resin.

The leaves are scale-like, 3–7 mm long, in apparent whorls of four (actually opposite decussate pairs, but not evenly spaced apart, instead with the successive pairs closely then distantly spaced). The cones are 8–20 mm long, and have just 2 pairs of moderately thin, erect scales, each scale with a distinct spine 3–7 mm long on the outer face, and bearing two winged seeds on the inner face.


The species recognized in the genus are:[1]

Image Scientific name Distribution
Libocedrus austrocaledonica Brongn. & Gris New Caledonia
LibocedrusBidwillii.jpg Libocedrus bidwillii Hook.f. North + South Islands of New Zealand
Libocedrus chevalieri J.Buchholz Poindimié, Mt. Humboldt, + Mt. Kouakoué in New Caledonia
Libocedrus plumosa kz3.jpg Libocedrus plumosa (D.Don) Druce North + South Islands of New Zealand
Libocedrus yateensis Guillaumin Povila, Bleue-Yaté river, + Ouinné river in New Caledonia

The two New Zealand species, known individually by their Māori names kawaka (Libocedrus plumosa) and pāhautea (Libocedrus bidwillii), are sometimes called New Zealand cedars. No common names have been recorded for the three New Caledonian species.[citation needed]

The wood of Libocedrus is soft, moderately decay-resistant, and with a spicy-resinous fragrance. The two New Zealand species are also grown as ornamental plants.

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Gadek, P. A., Alpers, D. L., Heslewood, M. M., & Quinn, C. J. 2000. Relationships within Cupressaceae sensu lato: a combined morphological and molecular approach. American Journal of Botany 87: 1044–1057. Abstract.

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