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The year 1736 in science and technology involved some significant events.
Botany
Charles Marie de La Condamine, with François Fresneau Gataudière, makes the first scientific observations of rubber, in Ecuador.[1]
Earth sciences
June 19  French Academy of Sciences expedition led by Pierre Louis Maupertuis, with Anders Celsius, begins work on measuring a meridian arc in the Torne Valley of Finland.[2]
Mathematics
June 8  Leonhard Euler writes to James Stirling describing the Euler–Maclaurin formula, providing a connection between integrals and calculus.
Euler produces the first published proof of Fermat's "little theorem".[3]
Sir Isaac Newton's Method of Fluxions (1671), describing his method of differential calculus, is first published (posthumously) and Thomas Bayes publishes a defense of its logical foundations against the criticism of George Berkeley (anonymously).[4]
Awards
Copley Medal: John Theophilus Desaguliers
Births
January 19  James Watt, Scottish mechanical engineer (d. 1819)
25 January 1736 Birth of Joseph Louis Lagrange, Piedmontborn mathematician (d. 1813)
June 14  CharlesAugustin de Coulomb, French physicist (d. 1806)
August 19  Erland Samuel Bring, Swedish mathematician (d. 1798)
September 1736 Birth of JeanSylvain Bailly in Paris, France
November 3  Christiaan Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer (d. 1805)
John Arnold, Cornishborn watchmaker (d. 1799)
Deaths
September 16  Gabriel Fahrenheit, physicist and engineer (b. 1686)
1736 Death of Stephen Gray
References
^ Journal du voyage fait par ordre du roi à l'équateur. Paris. 1751.
^ Piippola, Takalo. "Maupertuis'n astemittaus Tornionlaaksossa 17361737" (in Finnish). Retrieved 20080323.
^ Theorematum Quorundam ad Numeros Primos Spectantium Demonstratio.
^ An Introduction to the Doctrine of Fluxions, and a Defence of the Mathematicians Against the Objections of the Author of the Analyst.
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