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1748
The year 1748 in science and technology involved some significant events.
Archaeology
Rediscovery of the ruins of Pompeii.
Chemistry
Thomas Frye of the Bow porcelain factory in London produces bone china.[1]
Mathematics
Leonhard Euler publishes Introductio in analysin infinitorum, an introduction to pure analytical mathematics.[2] He calculates the mathematical constant e to 23 digits.[3]
Maria Agnesi publishes Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventù italiana in Milan, "regarded as the best introduction extant to the works of Euler".[4]
approx. date  Thomas Bayes originates Bayes' theorem.[5]
Medicine
John Fothergill publishes Account of the Sore Throat, attended with Ulcers, an early description of diphtheria.
Technology
Pierre Le Roy invents the detent escapement in watchmaking.[6][7][8]
Lewis Paul invents a hand machine for woolcarding.
Publications
Publication in Madrid of Jorge Juan and Antonio de Ulloa's Relación Histórica del Viage a la América Meridionale, including Ulloa's account of platinum.[9]
Awards
Copley Medal: James Bradley
Eva Ekeblad becomes the first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Births
February 27  Anders Sparrman, Swedish botanist (d. 1820)
March 5  Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810)
March 10  John Playfair, Scottish scientist (d. 1819)
April 12  Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)
April 13  Joseph Bramah, English inventor (d. 1814)
June 30  Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer (d. 1845)
August 8  Johann Friedrich Gmelin, German naturalist (d. 1804)
December 9  Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (d. 1822)
1748 Birth of James Archibald Hamilton
Deaths
January 1  Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (born 1667)
November  Aleksei Chirikov, Russian explorer (born 1703)
References
^ Freestone, I. C. (20–24 June 1999). "Science Of Early English Porcelain". Sixth Conference and Exhibition of the European Ceramic Society 1. Brighton. pp. 1117.
^ Boyer, C. B. (April 1951). "The Foremost Textbook of Modern Times". American Mathematical Monthly (Mathematical Association of America) 58 (4): 223–226. doi:10.2307/2306956. JSTOR 2306956.
^ Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 25. ISBN 9781847240088.
^ A'Becket, John Joseph (1907). "Maria Gaetana Agnesi". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 20110427.
^ McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch (2011). The Theory That Would Not Die. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300169690.
^ Britten's Watch & Clock Makers' Handbook Dictionary & Guide (15th ed.). p. 122.
^ Macey, Samuel L.. Encyclopedia of Time. p. 348.
^ A Journal of natural philosophy, chemistry and the arts, p. 159, "The invention of the detached escapement belongs to P. Le Roy"
^ "78: Platinum". Elementymology & Elements Multidict. Elements.vanderkrogt.net. Retrieved 20111116.
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