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In mathematics, the Ramanujan–Soldner constant (also called the Soldner constant) is a mathematical constant defined as the unique positive zero of the logarithmic integral function. It is named after Srinivasa Ramanujan and Johann Georg von Soldner.

Its value is approximately μ ≈ 1.451369234883381050283968485892027449493… (sequence A070769 in OEIS)

Since the logarithmic integral is defined by

\( \mathrm{li}(x) = \int_0^x \frac{dt}{\ln t}, \)

we have

\( \mathrm{li}(x)\;=\;\mathrm{li}(x) - \mathrm{li}(\mu) \)

\( \int_0^x \frac{dt}{\ln t} = \int_0^x \frac{dt}{\ln t} - \int_0^{\mu} \frac{dt}{\ln t} \)

\( \mathrm{li}(x) = \int_{\mu}^x \frac{dt}{\ln t}, \)

thus easing calculation for positive integers. Also, since the exponential integral function satisfies the equation

\( \mathrm{li}(x)\;=\;\mathrm{Ei}(\ln{x}), \)

the only positive zero of the exponential integral occurs at the natural logarithm of the Ramanujan–Soldner constant, whose value is approximately ln(μ) ≈ 0.372507410781366634461991866… (sequence A091723 in OEIS)
External links

Weisstein, Eric W., "Soldner's Constant" from MathWorld.

Mathematics Encyclopedia

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