Fine Art


Spirangles are geometric figures related to spirals. They are similar to spirals in that they expand from a center point as they grow larger, but they are made out of straight line segments, instead of curves. Spirangle vectographs are used in vision therapy to promote stereopsis and help resolve problems with hand–eye coordination.

Two-dimensional spirangles

A two-dimensional spirangle is an open figure consisting of a line bent into angles similar to a corresponding polygon. The spirangle can start at a center point, or a distance from the center, and has some number of turns around the center point.

3-angle spirangle
4-angle spirangle
7-angle spirangle
70-angle spirangle
Three-dimensional spirangles

Three-dimensional spirangles have layers that slant upward, progressively gaining height from the previous segment. This is similar to staircases in large buildings that turn at the top of each flight. The segments also may progressively lose an amount of length and resemble a pyramid.


Clinical Management of Binocular Vision. Scheiman & Wick. 2008. pp. 216, 256, 272, &c.
Practical Optometry 5:6, 1994. Warshowsky. pp. 264–268.
Design and Test of Integrated Inductors for RF Applications. Aquilera & Berenquer, 2003. p. 24

External links

Colorado College field archeology site with a sample of ancient spirangle art

Mathematics Encyclopedia

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