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# Superreal number

In abstract algebra, the superreal numbers are a class of extensions of the real numbers, introduced by H. Garth Dales and W. Hugh Woodin as a generalization of the hyperreal numbers and primarily of interest in non-standard analysis, model theory, and the study of Banach algebras. The field of superreals is itself a subfield of the surreal numbers.

Dales and Woodin's superreals are distinct from the super-real numbers of David O. Tall, which are lexicographically ordered fractions of formal power series over the reals.[1]

Formal Definition

Suppose X is a Tychonoff space, also called a T3.5 space, and C(X) is the algebra of continuous real-valued functions on X. Suppose P is a prime ideal in C(X). Then the factor algebra A = C(X)/P is by definition an integral domain which is a real algebra and which can be seen to be totally ordered. The field of fractions F of A is a superreal field if F strictly contains the real numbers \( \Bbb{R}\), so that F is not order isomorphic to \( \Bbb{R} \).

If the prime ideal P is a maximal ideal, then F is a field of hyperreal numbers (Robinson's hyperreals being a very special case).

References

David Tall, "Looking at graphs through infinitesimal microscopes, windows and telescopes," Mathematical Gazette, 64 22– 49, reprint at http://www.warwick.ac.uk/staff/David.Tall/downloads.html

Bibliography

Dales, H. Garth; Woodin, W. Hugh (1996), Super-real fields, London Mathematical Society Monographs. New Series 14, The Clarendon Press Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-853991-9, MR 1420859

L. Gillman and M. Jerison: Rings of Continuous Functions, Van Nostrand, 1960.

Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics

Graduate Studies in Mathematics

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