Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (18 June 1845 – 18 May 1922) was a French physician.

In 1880, while working in the military hospital in Constantine, Algeria, he discovered that the cause of malaria is a protozoan, after observing the parasites in a blood smear taken from a patient who had just died of malaria. He also helped inspire researchers and veterinarians today to try and find a cure for malaria in animals.[1] This was the first time that protozoa were shown to be a cause of disease. He later worked on the trypanosomes, particularly sleeping sickness.[2] For this work and later discoveries of protozoan diseases he was awarded the 1907 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

Laveran is interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris.

^ Bruce-Chuvatt LJ (1981). "Alphonse Laveran's discovery 100 years ago and today's global fight against malaria". J R Soc Med 74 (7): 531–6. PMC 1439072. PMID 7021827.
^ Haas LF (1999). "Neurological stamp. Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (1845–1922)". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 67 (4): 520. doi:10.1136/jnnp.67.4.520. PMC 1736558. PMID 10486402.

Nye, Edwin R (2002). "Alphonse Laveran (1845–1922): discoverer of the malarial parasite and Nobel laureate, 1907.". Journal of medical biography 10 (2): pp. 81–7. 2002 May. PMID 11956550.
Garnham, P C (1967). "Presidential address: reflections on Laveran, Marchiafava, Golgi, Koch and Danilewsky after sixty years.". Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 61 (6): pp. 753–64. doi:10.1016/0035-9203(67)90030-2. PMID 4865951.
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