Gabriel Jonas Lippmann ( August 16, 1845July 13, 1921) was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference, known as the Lippmann plate. He was born to a Jewish family in Hollerich, Luxemburg.

He is remembered for the innovations that resulted from his search for a direct colour-sensitive medium in photography. He was one of the founders of the Institut d'optique théorique et appliquée in France.

He also invented an electrometer that was used in the first ECG machine.

He married Mme Cherbuliez in 1888.

He was a Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London and a member of the Bureau des Longitudes.


Gabriel Lippmann


Gabriel Lippmann, Bulletin de la société astronomique de France, 1913


Gabriel Lippmann, December 1908, Bain News Service


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