Artificial disintegration is the term coined by Ernest Rutherford for the process by which an atomic nucleus is broken down by bombarding it with high speed alpha particles, either from a particle accelerator, or a naturally decaying radioactive substance such as radium, as Rutherford originally used.[1]
See also

Nuclear fission
The Fly in the Cathedral


Cassidy, David C.; Holton, Gerald James; Rutherford, Floyd James (2002). Understanding physics. Birkhäuser. p. 766. ISBN 0-387-98756-8.

Physics Encyclopedia

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