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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Ordo: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Subordo: Cynodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Eutheria
Cohort: Placentalia
Cladus: Boreoeutheria
Superordo: Euarchontoglires
Ordo: Rodentia
Subordo: Myomorpha
Superfamilia: Muroidea

Familia: Cricetidae
Subfamilia: Neotominae
Tribus: BaiomyiniNeotominiOchrotomyiniPeromysciniReithrodontomyini

Genera (16): BaiomysHabromysHodomysIsthmomysMegadontomysNelsoniaNeotomaNeotomodonOchrotomysOnychomysOsgoodomysPeromyscusPodomysReithrodontomysScotinomysXenomys

Fossil genera (5): †Cimarronomys – †Galushamys – †Paronychomys – †Repomys – †Symmetrodontomys


Neotominae Merriam, 1894: 228

Type genus: Neotoma Say & Ord, 1825.
Primary references

Merriam, C.H. 1894. A New Subfamily of Murine Rodents: The Neotominæ: With Description of a New Genus and Species and a Synopsis of the Known Forms. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 46: 225–252.

Additional references

Carleton, M.D. 1980. Phylogenetic relationships in neotomine-peromyscine rodents (Muroidea) and a reappraisal of the dichotomy with New World Cricetinae. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 157: 1–146.
Bradley, R.D., Edwards, C.W., Carroll, D.S. & Kilpatrick, C.W. 2004. Phylogenetics Relationships of Neotomine–Peromyscine Rodents: Based on DNA Sequences from the Mitochondrial Cytochrome-b Gene. Journal of Mammalogy 85(3): 389–395. DOI: 10.1644/BER-026
Reeder, S.A. & Bradley, R.D. 2004. Molecular systematics of Neotomine-Peromyscine rodents based on the Dentin Matrix Protein 1 gene. Journal of Mammalogy 85(6): 1194–1200. DOI: 10.1644/BEL-105.1
Musser, G.G. & Carleton, M.D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. Pp. 894–1531 in Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. (eds.) . Mammal Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore. 2 volumes. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. Reference page.
Reeder, S.A., Carroll, D.S., Edwards, C.W., Kilpatrick, C.W. & Bradley, R.D. 2006. Neotomine-peromyscine rodent systematics based on combined analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(1): 251–258. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.03.016
Miller, J.R. & Engstrom, M. 2008. The Relationships of Major Lineages within Peromyscine Rodents: A Molecular Phylogenetic Hypothesis and Systematic Reappraisal. Journal of Mammalogy 89(5):1279-1295. DOI: 10.1644/07-MAMM-A-195.1


Neotominae in Mammal Species of the World.
Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.

The Neotominae are a subfamily of the family Cricetidae. They consist of four tribes, 16 genera, and many species of New World rats and mice, predominantly found in North America. Among them are the well-known deer mice, white-footed mice, packrats, and grasshopper mice.

Neotomines are related to the other two subfamilies of mice in the New World, the Sigmodontinae and Tylomyinae. Many authorities place them all in a single subfamily, Sigmodontinae.

See also

New World rats and mice


New Species of Reithrodontomys, Subgenus Aporodon (Cricetidae: Neotominae), from the Highlands of Costa Rica, with Comments on Costa Rican and Panamanian Reithrodontomys [1]

Reeder, S. A., D. S. Carroll, C. W. Edwards, C. W. Kilpatrick, R. D. Bradley. 2006. Neotomine-peromyscine rodent systematics based on combined analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 40:251-258.
Steppan, S. J., R. A. Adkins, and J. Anderson. 2004. Phylogeny and divergence date estimates of rapid radiations in muroid rodents based on multiple nuclear genes. Systematic Biology, 53:533-553.

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