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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Ordo: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Subordo: Cynodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Eutheria
Cohort: Placentalia
Cladus: Boreoeutheria
Superordo: Euarchontoglires
Ordo: Rodentia
Subordo: Sciuromorpha

Familia: Sciuridae
Subfamilia: Xerinae
Tribus: Marmotini
Genus: Tamias
Species: Tamias siskiyou
Subspecies: T. s. humboldti – T. s. siskiyou

Tamias siskiyou A.H. Howell, 1922

Tamias siskiyou in Mammal Species of the World.
Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.


North American Mammals: Tamias siskiyou [1]

Vernacular names
English: Siskiyou ChipmunkThe Siskiyou chipmunk (Neotamias siskiyou) is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is endemic to northern California and central Oregon in the United States.[1]

Anatomy and morphology

The Siskiyou chipmunk is closest in appearance to Allen's chipmunk (Neotamias senex) and the yellow-cheeked chipmunk (Neotamias ochrogenys).[2] Its coat is brown-gray, with a pattern of five dark brown and four gray stripes along its back; the central stripe tends to be blackish and darker in color compared to the other stripes.[2][3] Additionally, Neotamias siskiyou have three brown and two gray stripes on each cheek.[3] The specific appearance of the Siskiyou chipmunk varies due to the large geographic range the species inhabits, with larger and darker members found on the coasts compared to those found further inland.[4]
Distribution and habitat

Neotamias siskiyou is found in northern California, in Humboldt and Del Norte counties, as well as in Oregon, in the Siskiyou mountains.[5] The extent of the Siskiyou chipmunk is delineated in the south by the Klamath River, and in the north by the Rogue River.[4]

Siskiyou chipmunks are most active early at night, but they also have behavioral peaks early in the morning and in the middle of the day.[3] They have a distinct call characterized by a single syllable, and usually communicate with an evenly-spaced series of these calls.[6]

Neotamias siskiyou belongs to the Townsend group of chipmunks, which are a group of closely related chipmunk species inhabiting the western United States and Canada.[4] Other chipmunk species in this group include: Neotamias senex (Allen's chipmunk), Neotamias ochrogenys (Yellow-cheeked chipmunk), and Neotamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk).[2][7] This group of chipmunks was originally thought to be members of a single species. However, Sutton and Nadler cited lack of inter-breeding and the distinctive physical appearance of each type as indications that they were distinct species.[8]

Cassola, F. (2016). "Neotamias siskiyou". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T42580A22268201. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T42580A22268201.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
Howell, Arthur H. (August 1922). "Diagnoses of Seven New Chipmunks of the Genus Eutamias, with a List of the American Species". Journal of Mammalogy. 3 (3): 178–185. doi:10.2307/1373666. ISSN 0022-2372. JSTOR 1373666.
"Siskiyou chipmunk | Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife". myodfw.com. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
Sutton, D. A.; Patterson, B. D. (2000-05-18). "Geographic Variation of the Western Chipmunks Tamias Senex and T. Siskiyou, with Two New Subspecies from California". Journal of Mammalogy. 81 (2): 299–316. doi:10.1093/jmammal/81.2.299. ISSN 1545-1542.
Sutton, Dallas A. (1987). "Analysis of Pacific Coast Townsend Chipmunks (Rodentia: Sciuridae)". The Southwestern Naturalist. 32 (3): 371–376. doi:10.2307/3671455. ISSN 0038-4909. JSTOR 3671455.
Gannon, W. L.; Lawlor, T. E. (1989-11-27). "Variation of the Chip Vocalization of Three Species of Townsend Chipmunks (Genus Eutamias)". Journal of Mammalogy. 70 (4): 740–753. doi:10.2307/1381708. ISSN 1545-1542. JSTOR 1381708.
Levenson, Howard; Hoffmann, Robert S.; Nadler, Charles F.; Deutsch, Ljerka; Freeman, Scott D. (1985). "Systematics of the Holarctic Chipmunks (Tamias)". Journal of Mammalogy. 66 (2): 219–242. doi:10.2307/1381236. ISSN 0022-2372. JSTOR 1381236.
Sutton, Dallas A.; Nadler, Charles F. (1974-07-26). "Systematic Revision of Three Townsend Chipmunks (Eutamias townsendii)". The Southwestern Naturalist. 19 (2): 199. doi:10.2307/3670280. JSTOR 3670280.

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