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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Cymbidieae
Subtribus: Stanhopeinae
Genus: Acineta
Overview of species (17)

A. alticola – A. antioquiae – A. barkeri – A. beyrodtiana – A. chrysantha – A. confusa – A. cryptodonta – A. densa – A. erythroxantha – A. hagsateri – A. hennisiana – A. hrubyana – A. mireyae – A. salazarii – A. sella-turcica – A. sulcata – A. superba
Name

Acineta Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 67 (1843)

Type species: Acineta superba (Kunth) Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 609 (1863)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Neippergia C.Morren, Ann. Soc. Roy. Agric. Gand 5: 375 (1849)

Homonym

Acineta (Chromista)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1843. Edwards's Botanical Register 29: Misc. 67.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2014. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 5: Epidendroideae (Part two); page 399 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-850713-0

Additional references

Günter Gerlach: "Die Subtribus Stanhopeinae: 3. Horichia bis Lacaena," in: J. Orchideenfreund 8(2): 105–118 (2001) - col. illus. 2001.
Whitten, M.W., Williams, N.H. & Chase, M.W. (2000) Subtribal and Generic Relationships of Maxillariieae (Orchidaceae) with Emphasis on Stanhopeinae: Combined Molecular Evidence, American Journal of Botany 87(12): 1842–1856.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Acineta in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 30. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Acineta in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acineta. Published online. Accessed: 30 May 2019.
Photo collections of Acineta from Botanical Garden Munich
The Plant List 2013. Acineta in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 30.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acineta. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 30.

Vernacular names

العربية: أسيناة
فارسی: ارکیده‌های ناجنب


Acineta, abbreviated as Acn in horticultural trade, is a small genus belonging to the orchid family (Orchidaceae). The name is derived from the Greek word 'akinetos' (immobile), referring to the rigid labellum (lip).

These epiphytic orchids occur in tropical mountainous forests from Mexico to western South America, at altitudes up to 2,000 m. They are sometimes lithophytic when found on steep embankments.

The large, plicate leaves are parallel-nerved and resemble those of Peristeria and Lycaste, while the structure of the flowers bears a closer resemblance to Stanhopea.

The species produce a pendent inflorescence, bearing racemes of many fragrant cup-shaped, pale yellow to reddish brown flowers. The sidelobes of the labellum (lip) come together in a central callus. The basal part of the lip (hypochile) is at least as long as the sidelobes. The column is pubescent. The column of these orchids bears two pollinia, except in Acineta dalessandroi, which has four (making its classification in this genus doubtful). These orchids are insect pollinated by male bees in the genus Eulaema or Eufriesia.

Some regard these as being among of the most splendid looking of all orchids.

For relatives of Acineta see Stanhopeinae.
Intergeneric hybrids

Aciopea (Acienta × Stanhopea)
Acinbreea (Acineta × Embreea)

References

Günter Gerlach 2001. "Die Subtribus Stanhopeinae: 3. Horichia bis Lacaena," in: J. Orchideenfreund 8(2): 105-118 (2001) - col. illus.

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