Agapanthus africanus

Agapanthus africanus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Agapanthaceae
Genus: Agapanthus
Species: Agapanthus africanus


Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns.



* Crinum africanum L., Sp. Pl.: 292 (1753).
* Mauhlia africana (L.) Dahl, Observ. Bot.: 26 (1787).
* Tulbaghia africana (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 718 (1891).
* Abumon africanum (L.) Britton, Fl. Bermuda: 72 (1918).


* Tulbaghia heisteri Fabr., Enum.: 4 (1759).
* Agapanthus umbellatus L'Hér., Sert. Angl.: 18 (1789).
* Mauhlia linearis Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl.: 111 (1792).
* Crinum floridum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 228 (1796).
* Agapanthus tuberosus L. ex DC. in P.J.Redouté, Liliac. 1: 6 (1803), pro syn.
* Agapanthus minor Lodd., Bot. Cab. 1: t. 42 (1817).
* Mauhlia umbellata (L'Hér.) Thunb. ex Schult. et Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer et J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 997 (1830).
* Tulbaghia minor (Lodd.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 718 (1891).
* Tulbaghia africana var. heisteri (Fabr.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 317 (1898).

Vernacular names
English: African lily


* Verzeichniss der Pflanzenkulturen in den Grafl. Hoffmannseggischen Garten zu Dresden und Rammenau... 35. 1824
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 1658
* Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew A. africanus.


Agapanthus africanus (African lily; syn. Agapanthus umbellatus) is a member of the family Alliaceae[1] and a native of the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. It is sometimes know as plum plum by native South Africans[citation needed].

It has a short stem bearing a tuft of long, narrow, arching leaves 10-35 cm long and 1-2 cm broad, and a central flower stalk 25-60 cm tall, ending in an umbel of 20-30 white, or bright blue, funnel-shaped flowers, each flower 2.5-5 cm diameter.


It was introduced to Europe at the close of the 17th century as a handsome greenhouse plant, and is hardy outdoors in the south of England and Ireland if protected from severe frosts. The plants are easy to cultivate and (in areas that have winter) are generally grown in large pots or tubs that can be protected from frost.

Several cultivars are known, such as 'Albus' (with white flowers), 'Sapphire' (dark blue flowers), 'Aureus' (leaves striped with yellow), and 'Variegatus' (leaves almost entirely white with a few green bands). There are also double-flowered and larger- and smaller-flowered cultivars.

During the summer they require plenty of water and are very effective on the margins of lakes or by running streams, where they thrive. They may be propagated from offsets or by dividing the rootstock in early spring or autumn.


1. ^ According to the APG II taxonomy system. Sometimes classified in the family Agapanthaceae.


* Bailey, L. H. (1920). Manual of Gardening, a Practical Guide to the Making of Home Grounds (2nd Ed. ed.). New York: Macmillan. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. OCLC 2481316.

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