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Anthericum liliago

Anthericum liliago, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Agavoideae
Genus: Anthericum
Species: Anthericum liliago
Name

Anthericum liliago L., Sp. Pl. 1: 310. 1753.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Phalangites liliago (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 108. 1902.
Phalangium liliago (L.) Schreb., Spic. Fl. Lips.: 36. 1771.
Heterotypic
Anthericum non-ramosum Gilib., Excerc. Phyt. 2: 465. 1792, opus utiq. oppr.
Anthericum amoenum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 250. 1796.
Anthericum intermedium Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 202. 1862), nom. inval., pro syn.
Anthericum liliago var. australe Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 202. 1862.
Anthericum liliago subsp. macrocarpum Boros, Bot. Közlem. 21: 64. 1923 publ. 1924.
Anthericum macrocarpum Boros, Bot. Közlem. 21: 64. 1923 publ. 1924.
Anthericum liliago f. macrocarpum (Boros) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 365. 1970 publ. 1971.
Anthericum liliago var. multiflorum P.Küpfer, Boissiera 23: 102. 1974.
Anthericum liliago var. sphaerocarpum P.Küpfer, Boissiera 23: 103. 1974.
Liliago vulgaris C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., IV, 3: 534. 1845.
Ornithogalum gramineum Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 278. 1779), nom. illeg.
Phalangium liliaginoides Schltdl., Linnaea 24: 187. 1851.
Phalangium renarnii Booth ex Schltdl., Linnaea 24: 187. 1851.
Phalangium acuminatum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 114. 1867.
Phalangium lilaceum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 131. 1880.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europa
Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Central European Rus; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Italy; Krym; Netherlands; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 310. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Anthericum liliago in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Anthericum liliago. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 07 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Anthericum liliago in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 07.
Tropicos.org 2019. Anthericum liliago. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 07 Jan. 2019.

Vernacular names
čeština: bělozářka liliovitá
Deutsch: Astlose Graslilie, Traubige Graslilie
English: St. Bernard’s lily
español: cebollas almorraneras, falangera, falangio yerba, falangites, flor contra la araña, flor de lis, hierba araña, hierba de la araña, palomino
suomi: Isohietalilja
français: Phalangère à fleurs de lis
hornjoserbsce: Runa lilijanka
magyar: Fürtös homokliliom
italiano: lilioasfodelo maggiore, liliagine
Nederlands: onvertakte graslelie, Grote graslelie
polski: Pajęcznica liliowata
русский: Венечник лилиаго, Антерикум обыкновенный
slovenčina: jagavka ľaliovitá
svenska: Stor sandlilja

Anthericum liliago, the St Bernard's lily, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae. It is native to mainland Europe (not the British Isles) and Turkey, growing in dry pastures, stony places and open woods and flowering in early summer. In Sweden the northernmost stable populations grows along the rocky shores of Lake Sommen (58° N), albeit on occasions it has been found as far north as Uppland (60° N).[2][3]

Etymology

The specific epithet liliago means lily-like or lily-carrier. Like many plants whose common names include "lily", it is not closely related to the true lilies.
Description

It is a vigorous herbaceous flowering perennial with tuberous roots, 60–90 cm (2.0–3.0 ft) high, with leaves narrowly linear, 12–40 cm (4.7–15.7 in). and producing racemes of 6-10 lily-like white flowers in Spring and Summer.
Cultivation

Best grown in well-drained soil in a sunny position, A. liliago can be propagated by seed or by division of the rootstock every 3 to 4 years. It is a slow starter but forms large clumps with time (USDA Zone 6). The cultivar ‘Major’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[4]
See also

List of plants known as lily

References

"Anthericum liliago". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
"Anthericum liliago Stor sandlilja". Artdatabanken (in Swedish). Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
"Om naturum". sommen-naturum.se (in Swedish). Naturum Sommen. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
"RHS Plantfinder - Anthericum liliago 'Major'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 12 January 2018.

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