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Anthericum ramosum

Anthericum ramosum (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Agavoideae
Genus: Anthericum
Species: Anthericum ramosum
Name

Anthericum ramosum L.
Synonyms

Homotypic

Endogona ramosa (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 28. 1837.
Liliago ramosa (L.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., IV, 3: 534. 1845.
Ornithogalum ramosum (L.) Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 279 (1779.
Pessularia ramosa (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 70. 1866, nom. inval.
Phalangites ramosus (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 109 (1902.
Phalangium ramosum (L.) Burm.f., Fl. Indica, Prodr. Fl. Cap.: 3. 1768.

Heterotypic

Anthericum gracile Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 249. 1796.
Anthericum dorsetii Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 301. 1876.
Anthericum non-scriptum Poelln., Bol. Soc. Brot., II, 16: 45. 1942.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Central European Rus; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Italy; Krym; Netherlands; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 310. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Anthericum ramosum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.
Govaerts, R. (2006). World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2009 Mar 24 [1].

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Anthericum ramosum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Anthericum ramosum. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 07 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Anthericum ramosum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 07.
Tropicos.org 2019. Anthericum ramosum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 07 Jan. 2019.

Vernacular names
čeština: bělozářka větevnatá, bělozářka větvitá
dansk: Grenet Edderkopurt
Deutsch: Rispige Graslilie, Ästige Graslilie
English: Branched St Bernard's lily, spider plant
suomi: Pikkuhietalilja
français: Phalangère ramifiée
hornjoserbsce: Hałžkata lilijanka
magyar: Ágas homokliliom
polski: Pajęcznica gałęzista
русский: Венечник ветвистый, Антерикум ветвистый
slovenčina: jagavka konáristá
svenska: Liten sandlilja, Sandlilja, Grenig sandlilja

Anthericum ramosum, known as branched St Bernard's-lily,[1] is a herbaceous perennial plant with a rhizome. The genus Anthericum is currently placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.[2] It was formerly placed in its own family, Anthericaceae, and before that in the Liliaceae.

Description

Anthericum ramosum reaches on average a height of 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in). The grass-like leaves are 50 centimetres (20 in) long and 2–6 millimetres (0.08–0.2 in) wide and are generally much shorter than the inflorescence. It has an erect, paniculate inflorescence. The flower spikes are branched (hence the Latin name ramosus), unlike Anthericum liliago. The six tepals are white, 10–13 millimetres (0.4–0.5 in) long, as are the six stamens. The flower is scentless and pure white, the anthers are bright yellow. The flowering period extends from June through August. The capsular fruit is spherical to three-faced. The flowers are pollinated by hymenopterans, while seed are distributed by the wind.
Inflorescence of Anthericum ramosum
Distribution

This species is present in most of Europe, being more common in southern countries, and is widespread in Central Asia and Russia.
Habitat

These plants grow in sunny areas and calcareous soils, on semiarid grasslands, slopes and forest edges. In the Alps they can be found at an altitude of 0–1,600 metres (0–5,249 ft) above sea level.
References

BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.

Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae

Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia - Edagricole – 1982 Vol. III

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