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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Poeae
Subtribus: Ventenatinae
Genus: Apera
Species: A. baytopiana – A. intermediaA. interruptaA. spica-venti – A. triaristata


Apera Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 495 (1763)
Type species: Apera spica-venti (L.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 31 (1812)


Anemagrostis Trin., Fund. Agrost.: 128 (1820).


Adanson, M. (1763) Familles des Plantes 2: 495.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Apera in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 27. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Apera. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 27. 2013. Apera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 27 Oct. 2013.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Apera. Published online. Accessed: 27 Oct. 2013.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Apera. .

Vernacular names
македонски: Ветрушка
русский: Метлица

Apera is a small genus of annual grasses,[5] known commonly as silkybent grass or windgrass. They are native to Europe, North Africa and parts of Asia but have been introduced and naturalized in much of North and South America.[4][6][7][8]


Apera baytopiana Dogan - Muğla Province in southwestern Turkey
Apera intermedia Hack. - Turkey, Aegean Islands, Iraq, Iran, Caucasus; naturalized in Primorye
Apera interrupta (L.) P.Beauv. - dense silkybent, interrupted windgrass - Eurasia and North Africa from Portugal to Sweden to Algeria to Kazakhstan; naturalized in Argentina, Chile, United States, Canada
Apera spica-venti (L.) P. Beauv. - loose silkybent, common windgrass - Eurasia and North Africa from Canary Islands to Denmark to Yakutia; naturalized in United States, Canada, and Russian Far East
Apera triaristata Dogan - Denizli Province in southwestern Turkey

formerly included[4]

see Agrostis Anemanthele Dichelachne Muhlenbergia Sporobolus

Apera arundinacea - Anemanthele lessoniana
Apera aspera - Sporobolus compositus
Apera crinita - Dichelachne crinita
Apera liebmannii - Agrostis liebmannii
Apera palustris - Agrostis stolonifera
Apera procumbens - Agrostis stolonifera
Apera purpurascens - Anemanthele lessoniana
Apera tenuiflora - Muhlenbergia tenuiflora

See also

List of Poaceae genera


Adanson, Michel 1763. Familles des Plantes 2: 495 in French
Tropicos, Apera Adans.
early 19th-Century illustration of Apera spica-venti from Title: Icones et descriptiones Graminum austriacorum Author(s): Host, Nikolaus Thomas Schmidt, A Ibmayer, J Publisher: Vindobonae : A. Schmidt, 1801-1809.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul
Jepson Manual Treatment
United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile
The Plant List search for Apera
Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Apera

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