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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Arundinoideae
Tribus: Arundineae
Genus: Arundo
Species: A. donaciformis – A. donax – A. formosana – A. micrantha – A. plinii

Arundo L., Sp. Pl.: 81 (1753)
Type species: Arundo donax L., Sp. Pl.: 81 (1753)


Donax P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 77 (1812), nom. illeg.
Scolochloa Mert. & W.D.J.Koch in J.C.Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 374 (1823), nom. rej.
Amphidonax Nees in J.Lindley, Syst. Nat., ed. 2: 449 (1836).
Donacium Fr., Bot. Not. 1843: 131 (1843), nom. illeg.
Eudonax Fr., Bot. Not. 1843: 132 (1843), nom. superfl.

Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Pp. [I–XII], 1–560. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 81.

Additional references

Gardner, R. 2011. Arundo and Phragmites (Gramineae) distinguished by their ligules. Auckland Botanical Society Journal 66(2): 143. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Arundo in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Arundo. Published online. Accessed: Feb 20 2020.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Arundo in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb 20. Reference page. 2020. Arundo. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb 20.

Vernacular names
English: Giant Reed, Giant Cane, Spanish Cane

Arundo is a genus of stout, perennial plants in the grass family.

Arundo is native to southern Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia as far east as Japan.[3] They grow to 3–6 m tall, occasionally to 10 m, with leaves 30–60 cm long and 3–6 cm broad.


Arundo collina Ten.
Arundo donax L. – Giant cane, Spanish cane (south and east Mediterranean, to India; naturalised in many additional areas and often invasive)
Arundo formosana Hack. – Nansei-shoto, Taiwan, Philippines
Arundo mediterranea Danin – Mediterranean
Arundo micrantha Lam. – Mediterranean
Arundo plinii Turra – Pliny's reed – Greece, Italy, Albania, Croatia

There are over 200 species once considered part of Arundo but now regarded as better suited to other genera:[2] Achnatherum, Agrostis, Ammophila, Ampelodesmos, Arthrostylidium, Arundinaria, Austroderia, Austrofestuca, Bambusa, Calamagrostis, Calammophila, Calamovilfa, Chionochloa, Chusquea, Cinna, Cortaderia, Dendrocalamus, Deschampsia, Dupontia, Gastridium, Gigantochloa, Graphephorum, Gynerium, Imperata, Indocalamus, Melica, Miscanthus, Molinia, Muhlenbergia, Neyraudia, Phalaris, Phragmites, Poa, Psammochloa, Rytidosperma, Saccharum, Schizostachyum, Scolochloa, Stipa, Thysanolaena, Trisetaria.

See also

List of Poaceae genera


lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 121 (1929)
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19.

The Plant List search for Arundo

Further reading

Douce, R. 1994. The biological pollution of Arundo donax in river estuaries and beaches. Pp. 11–13 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Dudley, T. and B. Collins. 1995. Biological invasions in California wetlands: the impacts and control of non-indigenous species in natural areas. Pacific Institute for SIDES, Oakland, CA.
Frandsen,. P. 1994. Team Arundo: a model for inter-agency cooperation. Pp. 35–40 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Frandsen, P. and N. Jackson. 1994. The impact of Arundo donax on flood control and endangered species. Pp. 13–16 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Hoshovsky, M. 1988. Element stewardship abstract: Arundo donax. The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, CA.
Iverson, M. Pp19–26 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Scott, G.D. 1994. Fire threat from Arundo donax. Pp. 17–18 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.

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