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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Ixoroideae
Tribus: Gardenieae
Genus: Atractocarpus
Species: A. aragoensis – A. benthamianus – A. bracteatus – A. carolinensis – A. chartaceus – A. crosbyi – A. cucumicarpus – A. decorus – A. fitzalanii – A. heterophyllus – A. hirtus – A. longipes – A. longistipitatus – A. macarthurii – A. merikin – A. oblongus – A. obscurinervius – A. pentagonioides – A. platyxylon – A. pterocarpon – A. rotundifolius – A. sessilifolius – A. sessilis – A. simulans – A. stipularis – A. tahitiensis – A. tenuiflorus – A. vaginatus – A. versteegii

Atractocarpus Schltr. & K.Krause, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40(3, Beibl. 92): 43. (1908)

Typus: Atractocarpus bracteatus Schltr. & K.Krause, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40(3, Beibl. 92): 43. (1908) (Mouly, 2012)


Franciella Guill., Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 28: 197. 1922, nom illeg. non Thériot (1910).
Gardenia sect. Oxyphyllodium Montrouz.
Neofranciella Guill., Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 31: 481. 1925.
Sulitia Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 29: 494. 1926
Trukia Kaneh., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 278. 1935.
Sukunia A.C.Sm., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 141: 136. 1936.

Native distribution areas:

Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, Solomon Islands (doubtful).
Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Queensland.
Southwestern Pacific
Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga.
South-Central Pacific
Society Islands.
Northwestern Pacific
Caroline Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Schlechter, F.R.R. & Krause, K. 1908. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 40(3, Beibl. 92): 43.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Atractocarpus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Atractocarpus. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 19 2019.
Mouly, A., 2012. On the distinction of Atractocarpus heterophyllus (Montrouz.) Guillaumin & Beauvis. and A. bracteatus Schltr. & K. Krause (Rubiaceae): in search of the correct name for the type species of Atractocarpus Schltr. & K. Krause. Adansonia 34(1): 103-115. DOI: 10.5252/a2012n1a12 PDF
Puttock, C.F. 1999. Revision of Atractocarpus (Rubiaceae: Gardenieae) in Australia and new combinations for some extra-Australian taxa. Australian Systematic Botany 12(2): 275–276. DOI: 10.1071/SB97030

Atractocarpus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae. Its members are commonly known as native gardenias in Australia. The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek terms atractos "spindle", and karpos "fruit", from the spindle-shaped fruit of the type species.[1]


Defined by botanists Rudolf Schlechter and Kurt Krause in 1908, the type species is Atractocarpus bracteatus, which is found only on New Caledonia.[2] Subsequently, several other species were described from New Caledonia.

Meanwhile, the genera Randia and Gardenia had been used as wastebasket taxa, where many species that had been difficult to place had been placed by default. Several Australian species of the genus Randia were found to be not closely related to Neotropical species and were transferred in a review of the genera by Australian botanist Christopher Puttock in 1999; these include several garden plant species such as A. benthamianus, A. chartaceus, and A. fitzalanii.[3]

Puttock also proposed that the genera Sukunia, Trukia, Neofranciella, and Sulitia (the last two consisting of once species each) be sunk into Atractocarpus. The resulting genus now contains around forty species, with seven found in Australia, and others in the Federated States of Micronesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, and east to Tahiti. All species are found in a type of lowland rainforest known as mesophyll vine forests, as well as swamp forests and vine thickets.[4]

Atractocarpus aragoensis Guillaumin
Atractocarpus benthamianus (F.Muell.) Puttock
Atractocarpus bracteatus Schltr. & K.Krause
Atractocarpus carolinensis (Valeton) Puttock
Atractocarpus chartaceus (F.Muell.) Puttock - narrow-leaved gardenia or thin-leaved gardenia
Atractocarpus crosbyi (Burkill) Puttock
Atractocarpus cucumicarpus S.Moore
Atractocarpus decorus (Valeton) Puttock
Atractocarpus fitzalanii (F.Muell.) Puttock - brown gardenia or yellow mangosteen
Atractocarpus heterophyllus (Montrouz.) Guillaumin & Beavis.
Atractocarpus hirtus (F.Muell.) Puttock
Atractocarpus longipes (A.C.Sm.) Puttock
Atractocarpus longistipitatus Guillaumin
Atractocarpus macarthurii (F.Muell.) Puttock
Atractocarpus merikin (F.M.Bailey) Puttock
Atractocarpus oblongus S.Moore
Atractocarpus obscurinervius (Merr.) Puttock
Atractocarpus pentagonioides (Seem.) Puttock
Atractocarpus platyxylon (Vieill. ex Pancher & Sebert) Guillaumin
Atractocarpus pterocarpon (Guillaumin) Puttock
Atractocarpus rotundifolius Guillaumin
Atractocarpus sessilifolius Guillaumin
Atractocarpus sessilis (F.Muell.) Puttock
Atractocarpus simulans Guillaumin
Atractocarpus stipularis (F.Muell.) Puttock ex P.S.Green
Atractocarpus tahitiensis (Nadeaud) Puttock
Atractocarpus tenuiflorus (A.C.Sm.) Puttock
Atractocarpus vaginatus Guillaumin
Atractocarpus versteegii (Valeton) Puttock


Floyd AG (2009). Rainforest Trees of Mainland Southeastern Australia. Lismore, NSW: Terania Rainforest Publishing. p. 331. ISBN 978-0-9589436-7-3.
Schlechter, Friedrich Richard Rudolf & Krause, Kurt. 1908. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 40 Beibl. 92: 43.
Puttock CF, Quinn CJ (1999). "Generic concepts in Australian Gardenieae (Rubiaceae): a cladistic approach". Australian Systematic Botany. CSIRO Publishing. 12 (2): 181–99. doi:10.1071/SB98001.
Puttock CF (1999). "Revision of Atractocarpus (Rubiaceae: Gardenieae) in Australia and New Combinations for Some Extra-Australian Taxa". Australian Systematic Botany. CSIRO Publishing. 12 (2): 271–309. doi:10.1071/SB97030.

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