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Calanthe pulchra

Calanthe pulchra

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Collabieae
Genus: Calanthe
Species: Calanthe pulchra
Name

Calanthe pulchra (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 250 (1833)
Synonymy

Basionym
Amblyglottis pulchra Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 371 (1825)
Homotypic
Alismorkis pulchra (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)

Styloglossum pulchrum (Blume) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 40: 150 (2014)

Heterotypic
Styloglossum nervosum Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. 2: t. 7 (1829)
Calanthe curculigoides Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 2510 (1833)
Alismorkis curculigoides (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)
Calanthe shelfordii Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 33: 23 (1900)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Asia-Tropical
Indo-China
Laos, Thailand.
Malesia
Borneo, Jawa, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Sumatera.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1833. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 250.

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Calanthe pulchra. Accessed: 2021 Oct 31.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Calanthe pulchra in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Oct 31. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Calanthe pulchra in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Oct 31. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Calanthe pulchra. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Oct 31. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Calanthe pulchra. Published online. Accessed: 31 Oct 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Calanthe pulchra. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Oct 31.

Vernacular names

Calanthe pulchra is a species of orchid.

It is found in Laos, Thailand, Borneo, Java, Malaysia, the Philippines and Sumatra[1] in humid forests at elevations of 130 to 1700 meters. It is medium to large sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial with close set, small pseduobulbs enveloped by leaf sheaths and carrying 5 to 6, elliptic, acuminate, plicate, gradually narrowing below into the elongate petiolate base leaf that blooms in the apring on a 20 to 24" [50 to 60 cm] long, erect, densely 40 to 60 flowered, racemose inflorescence with large, lanceolate, acute, very concave floral bracts that fall before the odorless flowers open

The small flower and hooked spur are diagnostic for this species.
References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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