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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Carduoideae
Tribus: Cardueae
Subtribus: CardopatiinaeCarduinaeCarlininaeCentaureinaeEchinopsinae

Name

Cardueae Cass., J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 88: 155–157. (1819) as "Carduineae"

Type genus: Carduus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 820. (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Cynareae Lam. & DC.

References

Cassini, A.H.G.D. 1819. Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle et des Arts 88: 155.
Barres, L., Sanmartín, I., Anderson, C.L., Susanna, A., Buerki, S., Galbany-Casals, M. & Vilatersana, R. 2013. Reconstructing the evolution and biogeographic history of tribe Cardueae (Compositae). American Journal of Botany 100(5): 867–882. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1200058 Full text PDF Reference page.
Garcia-Jacas, N., Garnatje, T., Susanna, A. & Vilatersana, R. 2002. Tribal and subtribal delimitation and phylogeny of the Cardueae (Asteraceae): A combined nuclear and chloroplast DNA analysis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22(1): 51–64. DOI: 10.1006/mpev.2001.1038 Reference page.
Susanna, A., Garcia-Jacas, N., Hidalgo, O., Vilatersana, R. & Garnatje, T. 2006. The Cardueae (Compositae) Revisited: Insights from ITS, trn L-trn F, and mat K Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Analysis. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 93(1): 150–171. DOI: 10.3417/0026-6493(2006)93[150:TCCRIF]2.0.CO;2 Full text PDF Reference page.
Susanna, A. & Garcia-Jacas, N. 2009. Cardueae (Carduoideae). In Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae. Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). ISBN 978-3-9501754-3-1. pp.293-313. Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: شوكية, قردوسية, شوكيه, شوكي
català: Cinària
日本語: アザミ連
한국어: 키나라족, 엉겅퀴족
русский: Чертополоховые
中文: 菜蓟族

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Biology Encyclopedia

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