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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Brodiaeoideae
Genus: Dichelostemma
Species: D. capitatum – D. congestum – D. ida-maia – D. multiflorum – D. volubile

Nothospecies: D. × venustum
Name

Dichelostemma Kunth, 1843

Type species: Brodiaea congesta Sm.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Rhytidea Lindl., Gard. Chron. 1856: 420 (1856).
Stropholirion Torr., Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5; 4): 149 (1857).
Rupalleya Morière, Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie 8: 317 (1864).
Brevoortia Alph.Wood, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 18: 81 (1867).
Macroscapa Kellogg ex Curran, Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1(3): 148 (1885).
Dipterostemon Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 110 (1912).

References

Kunth, C.S., 1843. Enum. Pl. 4: 469

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Dichelostemma in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Dichelostemma. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 16 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Dichelostemma in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 16.
Tropicos.org 2019. Dichelostemma. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 16.

Vernacular names
English: bluedicks

Dichelostemma is a genus of North American plants closely related to the genus Brodiaea and sometimes regarded as part of that group.[4][5]

Dichelostemma is classified in the cluster-lily subfamily within the asparagus family.[6] in the latest Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification (2009).[7] Older sources often placed it in the lily family; earlier versions of the APG classifications used the family Themidaceae.

The genus is native to the North America, especially in northern California, but also east to New Mexico and north to British Columbia and south into northwestern Mexico.[4][8]

These plants grow from perennial corms that produce a raceme or umbel-like inflorescence. The flowers are bell- or tube-shaped and produce capsules with black seeds. The name, from the Greek for "toothed crown", refers to the stamen appendages.

Diversity

Species[3][8][9]

Dichelostemma congestum (Sm.) Kunth - ookow - Canada (BC), United States (WA OR CA)
Dichelostemma ida-maia (Alph.Wood) Greene - firecracker flower - United States (CA OR)
Dichelostemma multiflorum (Benth.) A.Heller - United States (CA OR)
Dichelostemma volubile (Kellogg) A.Heller - United States (CA OR)

Dichelostemma capitatum (Benth.) Alph.Wood – blue dicks – has been moved to Dipterostemon capitatus.[10][11]

Cultivars

Dichelostemma 'Pink Diamond' - probably D. ida-maia × D. congestum (sometimes called Dichelostemma congestum).

References

Kunth, Karl Sigismund. 1843. Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum 4: 469–470 in Latin
Tropicos, Dichelostemma Kunth
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Flora of North America, Vol. 26 Page 328 Dichelostemma Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 469. 1843.
Jepson treatment
Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Brodiaeoideae
Chase, Mark W. & Reveal, James L. (2009), "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 122–127, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
The Plant List search for Dichelostemma
"Dichelostemma capitatum (Benth.) Alph. Wood". Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics. University of California. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
"Dipterostemon capitatus (Benth.) Rydb.". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2021-04-23.

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