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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Scilloideae
Tribus: Ornithogaleae
Genus: Dipcadi
Species: D. bakerianum – D. balfourii – D. biflorum – D. brevifolium – D. ciliare – D. clarkeanum – D. concanense – D. cowanii – D. crispum – D. dekindtianum – D. erythraeum – D. fesoghlense – D. garuense – D. glaucum – D. goaense – D. gracillimum – D. guichardii – D. heterocuspe – D. kuriensis – D. ledermannii – D. longifolium – D. maharashtrense – D. marlothii – D. mechowii – D. minor – D. montanum – D. ndelleense – D. oxylobum – D. panousei – D. papillatum – D. platyphyllum – D. reidii – D. rigidifolium – D. saxorum – D. serotinum – D. susianum – D. thollonianum – D. turkestanicum – D. ursulae – D. vaginatum – D. viride – D. welwitschii
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Dipcadi in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Feb. 03. Reference page.

Name

Dipcadi Medik., Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 431 (1790).

Type species: Dipcadi serotinum (L.) Medik.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Zuccangnia Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. 9: 127 (1798). nom. rej.
Uropetalon Burch. ex Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 2: t. 156 (1816), nom. superfl.
Polemannia K.Bergius, Linnaea 1: 250 (1826), nom. rej.
Baeoterpe Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 17 (1866).
Tricharis Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 24 (1866).

References

Medikus, F.K., 1780. Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 431 (1790).

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Dipcadi in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Feb. 03. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Dipcadi. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 03 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Dipcadi in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Feb. 03.
Tropicos.org 2019. Dipcadi. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 03 Feb. 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Dipcadi in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Dipcadi is a genus of bulbous flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae (also treated as the family Hyacinthaceae).[2] It is widely distributed, occurring in southern Europe, most of Africa and the Middle East through to the Indian subcontinent.[1]

Description

Species of Dipcadi grow from small bulbs. The solitary flower stem (scape) bears a loose raceme of green or brown flowers, sometimes with different colours at the tips of the three inner tepals. The raceme is usually one-sided (secund). The tepals are joined at the base for up to two thirds of their length to form a tube. The apices of the tepals then curve outwards, particularly the outer three. The outer three tepals may have a rounded "spur" at their tips. The stamens, which are enclosed within the flower, are joined to the tube formed by the tepals and have flat filaments. The black seeds are in the shape of a disc or a flattened globe.[3][4]

Dipcadi serotinum, from south-west Europe and north Africa, although sombre in colour, is sometimes cultivated by gardeners specializing in ornamental bulbous plants.[5]
Systematics

The genus was named by Friedrich Kasimir Medikus in 1790, based on the species Linnaeus had called Hyacinthus serotinus. Medikus distinguished Dipcadi from Hyacinthus because of the former's many flattened seeds and tubular flowers.[6] Along with three other genera, Albuca, Ornithogalum sensu lato and Pseudogaltonia, Dipcadi is placed in the tribe Ornithogaleae (or subfamily Ornithogaloideae by those who recognize the Scilloideae as the separate family Hyacinthaceae).[7]
Species

As of March 2013, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognized 41 species and one hybrid:[8]

Dipcadi bakerianum Bolus
Dipcadi balfourii Baker
Dipcadi biflorum Ghaz.
Dipcadi brevifolium (Thunb.) Fourc.
Dipcadi ciliare (Eckl. & Zeyh. ex Harv.) Baker
Dipcadi × clarkeanum Schinz (D. bakerianum × D. glaucum)
Dipcadi concanense (Dalzell) Baker
Dipcadi cowanii (Ridl.) H.Perrier
Dipcadi crispum Baker
Dipcadi dekindtianum Engl.
Dipcadi erythraeum Webb & Berthel.
Dipcadi fesoghlense (Solms) Baker
Dipcadi garuense Engl. & K.Krause
Dipcadi glaucum (Burch. ex Ker Gawl.) Baker
Dipcadi goaense Prabhug.
Dipcadi gracillimum Baker
Dipcadi guichardii A.R.Sm.
Dipcadi heterocuspe Baker
Dipcadi kuriensis A.G.Mill.
Dipcadi ledermannii Engl. & K.Krause
Dipcadi longifolium (Lindl.) Baker
Dipcadi maharashtrense Deb & S.Dasgupta
Dipcadi marlothii Engl.
Dipcadi mechowii Engl.
Dipcadi minor Hook.f.
Dipcadi montanum (Dalzell) Baker
Dipcadi ndelleense A.Chev.
Dipcadi oxylobum Welw. ex Baker
Dipcadi panousei Sauvage & Veilex
Dipcadi papillatum Oberm.
Dipcadi platyphyllum Baker
Dipcadi reidii Deb & S.Dasgupta
Dipcadi rigidifolium Baker
Dipcadi saxorum Blatt.
Dipcadi serotinum (L.) Medik.
Dipcadi susianum (Nábelek) Wendelbo
Dipcadi thollonianum Hua
Dipcadi turkestanicum Vved.
Dipcadi ursulae Blatt.
Dipcadi vaginatum Baker
Dipcadi viride (L.) Moench
Dipcadi welwitschii (Baker) Baker

References

"Dipcadi", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-03-28
Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), "Asparagales: Scilloideae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2013-03-28
"Dipcadi Raf.", eMonocot, archived from the original on 2013-04-19, retrieved 2013-03-28
Martinez-Azorin, Mario; Crespo, Manuel B.; Juan, Ana; Fay, Michael F. (2011), "Molecular phylogenetics of subfamily Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on nuclear and plastid DNA regions, including a new taxonomic arrangement", Annals of Botany, 107 (1): 1–37, doi:10.1093/aob/mcq207, PMC 3002468, PMID 21163815, p. 15
Grey-Wilson, Christopher & Mathew, Brian (1981), Bulbs : the bulbous plants of Europe and their allies, London: Collins, ISBN 978-0-00-219211-8, p. 116
Ghazanfar, Shahina A. (1996), "The Genus Dipcadi (Hyacinthaceae) in the Arabian Peninsula", Kew Bulletin, 51 (4): 803, doi:10.2307/4119738
Manning, John C.; Forest, Félix; Devey, Dion S.; Fay, Michael F.; Goldblatt, Peter (2009), "A molecular phylogeny and a revised classification of Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on an analysis of four plastid DNA regions", Taxon, 58 (1): 77–107, JSTOR 27756826
Search for "Dipcadi", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-03-28

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