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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Cynodonteae
Subtribus: Monanthochloinae
Genus: Distichlis
Species: D. acerosa – D. australis – D. distichophylla – D. eludens – D. humilis – D. laxiflora – D. littoralis – D. palmeri - D. scoparia - D. spicata

Name

Distichlis Raf., J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 104 (1819)
Type species: Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene, Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 415 (1887)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Brizopyrum J.Presl in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 280 (1830), nom. illeg.
Monanthochloe Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 436 (1859).
Halochloa Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 285 (1879), nom. illeg.
Reederochloa Soderstr. & H.F.Decker, Brittonia 16: 334 (1964).

References

Rafinesque, C.S. (1819) Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle et des Arts 89: 104.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Distichlis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Distichlis. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6.
Tropicos.org 2013. Distichlis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 6 Nov. 2013.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Distichlis. Published online. Accessed: 6 Nov. 2013.

Distichlis is a genus of American and Australian plants in the grass family.[2][3][4][5][6] Plants in this genus are dioecious, have rhizomes or stolons, and have conspicuously distichous leaves.[3]
Species

Species included in Distichlis include:[1][7]

Distichlis acerosa (Griseb.) H.L.Bell & Columbus – Argentina
Distichlis australis (Speg.) Villamil – Argentina
Distichlis bajaensis H.L.Bell – Mexico
Distichlis distichophylla (Labill.) Fassett – Australia
Distichlis eludens (Soderstr. & H.F.Decker) H.L.Bell & Columbus – Durango, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí
Distichlis humilis Phil. – Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina
Distichlis laxiflora Hack. – Argentina
Distichlis littoralis (Engelm.) H.L.Bell & Columbus – California, Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba
Distichlis palmeri (Vasey) Fassett ex I.M.Johnst. – Baja California, Sonora
Distichlis scoparia (Kunth) Arechav. – Chile, Argentina, Uruguay
Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene – from Newfoundland + Northwest Territories to Uruguay including Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Galápagos

Formerly included

Species formerly included in Distichlis include:[1]

Distichlis ammobia – Poa obvallata
Distichlis condensata – Eragrostis condensata
Distichlis multinervosa – Vaseyochloa multinervosa
Distichlis sudanensis – Aeluropus lagopoides
Distichlis texana – Allolepis texana
Distichlis volckmannii – Poa cumingii

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel 1819. Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle et des Arts 89: 104
Bell, H. L. & J. T. Columbus. 2008. Proposal for an expanded Distichlis (Poaceae, Chloridoideae): Support from molecular, morphological, and anatomical characters. Systematic Botany (3): 536–551.
Catasus Guerra, L. 1997. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, I. Fontqueria 46: [i–ii], 1–259
Negritto, M. A., L. R. Servivanti & A. M. Anton. 2003. 19. Poaceae, parte 5. Tribu Eragrostideae. Flora Fanerogámica Argentina 86: 1–68
Grassbase – The World Online Grass Flora
The Plant List, search for Distichlis

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Biology Encyclopedia

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