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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Oryzoideae
Tribus: Ehrharteae
Genus: Ehrharta
Species: (25)
E. barbinodis – E. brevifolia – E. bulbosa – E. calycina – E. capensis – E. delicatula – E. digyna – E. dura – E. eburnea – E. erecta – E. festucacea – E. longiflora – E. longifolia – E. longigluma – E. melicoides – E. microlaena – E. ottonis – E. pusilla – E. ramosa – E. rehmannii – E. rupestris – E. setacea – E. thunbergii – E. triandra – E. villosa
Name

Ehrharta Thunb., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 40: 216 (1779), nom. cons.
Type species: Ehrharta capensis Thunb., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 40: 216 (1779)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Trochera L.C.M.Richard, Observ. Phys., II, 13: 225 (1779), nom. rej.
Diplax Sol. ex Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar.: 11 (1838).
Petriella Zotov, Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, 73: 235 (1943), nom. illeg.

References

Thunberg, C.P. (1779) Kongl[iga]. Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar, 40: 217, pl. 8.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Ehrharta in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Ehrharta. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6.
Tropicos.org 2013. Ehrharta. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Ehrharta. Published online. Accessed: 6 Nov. 2013.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Ehrharta.

Vernacular names
English: Veldtgrass, Pipe Grasses
suomi: Nyppyheinät

Ehrharta is a genus of plants in the grass family.[2][3]

Most of the species are native to Africa, with a few from Southeast Asia and from various islands in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. The genus is also found in Australia, southern Asia, the Mediterranean, and North America. Several including Ehrharta longiflora, Ehrharta calycina and Ehrharta erecta are considered invasive weeds.[4][5][6][7]

Common names for this genus include veldtgrass.[8][9][10]

This genus was named for the German botanist Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart, 1742–1795.[2][11]
Species

[1][12]

Ehrharta acuminata (R.Br.) Spreng. - Australia
Ehrharta barbinodis Nees - Cape Province
Ehrharta brevifolia Schrad. - Cape Province, Namibia
Ehrharta bulbosa Sm. - Cape Province
Ehrharta calycina Sm. - Cape Province, Namibia, Free State, Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal; naturalized in Mediterranean, Australia, New Zealand, USA (California, Nevada, Texas)
Ehrharta capensis Thunb. - Cape Province; naturalized in India
Ehrharta delicatula Stapf - Cape Province, Namibia
Ehrharta digyna Thunb. - Cape Province
Ehrharta diplax F.Muell. - Sulawesi, New Guinea, New Zealand incl Antipodes, Fiji, Society Is
Ehrharta distichophylla Labill. - Australia
Ehrharta dura Nees - Cape Province
Ehrharta eburnea Gibbs Russ. - Cape Province
Ehrharta erecta Lam. - from Eritrea + Saudi Arabia to Cape Province; naturalized in scattered locations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, California
Ehrharta festucacea Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f. - Madagascar
Ehrharta godefroyi C.Cordem. - Réunion
Ehrharta juncea (R.Br.) Spreng. - Australia
Ehrharta laevis (R.Br.) Spreng. - Western Australia
Ehrharta longiflora Sm. - South Africa, Namibia; naturalized in Cape Verde, St. Helena, Canary Islands, Réunion, India, Australia, New Zealand, California
Ehrharta longifolia Schrad. - Cape Province
Ehrharta longigluma C.E.Hubb. - South Africa, Lesotho
Ehrharta melicoides Thunb. - Cape Province
Ehrharta microlaena Nees - Cape Province
Ehrharta oreophila (D.I.Morris) L.P.M.Willemse - Tasmania
Ehrharta ottonis Kuntze ex Nees - Cape Province
Ehrharta penicillata C.Cordem. - Réunion
Ehrharta pusilla Nees - Cape Province, Namibia
Ehrharta ramosa Thunb. - Cape Province
Ehrharta rehmannii Stapf - Cape Province
Ehrharta rupestris Nees - Cape Province
Ehrharta setacea Nees - Cape Province
Ehrharta tasmanica (Hook.f.) L.P.M.Willemse - Tasmania
Ehrharta thunbergii Gibbs Russ. - Cape Province, Namibia
Ehrharta triandra Nees - Cape Province, Namibia
Ehrharta villosa Schult.f. - Cape Province; naturalised in Australia, New Zealand North Island, Argentina

Formerly included

[1] Several species now considered better suited to other genera: Brylkinia Leersia Melinis Microlaena Sporobolus Tristachya Zotovia

Ehrharta caudata - Brylkinia caudata
Ehrharta clandestina - Leersia oryzoides
Ehrharta colensoi - Zotovia colensoi
Ehrharta hispida - Tristachya leucothrix
Ehrharta multinoda - Microlaena polynoda
Ehrharta stipoides Labill. - Microlaena stipoides[13]
Ehrharta tenella - Sporobolus tenellus
Ehrharta thomsonii - Zotovia thomsonii
Ehrharta uniglumis Fenzl ex T.Durand & Schinz 1894 not F.Muell. 1855 - Melinis repens subsp. grandiflora

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Thunberg, Carl Peter. 1779. Kongliga Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar 40: 217, pl. 8
Tropicos, Ehrharta Thunb.
"Element Stewardship Abstracts, Ehrharta spp". Archived from the original on 2005-11-24. Retrieved 2006-01-05.
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 181 皱稃草 zhou fu cao Ehrharta erecta Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 347. 1786.
Altervista Flora Italiana genere Ehrharta
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
Atlas of Living Australia, Ehrharta Thunb., Veldt Grasses
Jepson Manual Treatment
USDA Plants Profile
Grass Manual Treatment Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine
The Plant List search for Ehrharta
"Microlaena stipoides (Labill.) R.Br.", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2019-02-23

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