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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Garryales

Familia: Garryaceae
Genera: AucubaGarrya
Name

Garryaceae Lindl. Edwards's Bot. Reg. 20: sub t. 1686. (1834) nom. cons.

Type genus: Garrya Douglas ex Lindl. Edwards's Bot. Reg. 20: pl. 1686. (1834)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Aucubaceae Berchtold & J. Presl Přir. Rostlin 2: 91. (1825)

References

Lindley, J. (1834) Edwards's Botanical Register 20: sub t. 1686

Additional references

Dahling, G.V. (1978) Systematics and evolution of Garrya, Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 209: 1–104. Refers to the successful intergrafts between Aucuba and Garrya. Available online [1]. Accessed 31 Jan. 2014.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Garryaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 09. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Garryaceae. Published online. Accessed: Jul 09 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Garryaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 09.
Hassler, M. 2021. Garryaceae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 09. Reference page.
Garryaceae – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Garryaceae – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
EOL: Garryaceae
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Garryaceae Lindl., nom. cons. in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2014-01-13.

Vernacular names
العربية: شرابات الحرير
català: Garryàcies
čeština: Garyovité
English: Silk-tassel family
فارسی: ابریشم‌آویزان
hrvatski: Garijevke
magyar: Barkamirtuszfélék
日本語: ガリア科
한국어: 가리아과
polski: Gariowate
русский: Гарриевые
svenska: Garryaväxter
Tiếng Việt: Họ Giảo mộc
中文(简体): 丝缨花科, 绞木科
中文(繁體): 絲纓花, 絞木科


Garryaceae is a small family of plants known commonly as the silktassels.[2] It contains two genera:[2]

Garrya Douglas ex Lindl., 1834. About 16-18 species.
Aucuba Thunb., 1783. About 3-10 species.

Aucuba was included in the family Cornaceae or Aucubaceae in some classification systems.[2]

Together with Eucommia ulmoides the Garryaceae are currently placed by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group in an own order, the Garryales.
Chemical characteristics

Petroselinic acid occurs as the major fatty acid in Aucuba and Garrya species, and is also found in the families Griseliniaceae, Apiaceae and Araliaceae of the Apiales.[3]
Distribution

The family is found in warm temperate and subtropical regions, Garrya in North America, and Aucuba in eastern Asia. They are evergreen shrubs or small trees with opposite, simple leaves. While they are different in morphology, the two genera have similar phytochemistries and can be intergrafted.[2]
References

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Garryaceae. Flora of North America, efloras.org.
B. Breuer; T. Stuhlfauth; H. Fock; H. Huber (1987). "Fatty acids of some Cornaceae, Hydrangeaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Hamamelidaceae and Styracaceae". Phytochemistry. 26 (5): 1441–1445. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)81830-0.

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