Gethyllis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Tribus: Haemantheae
Genus: Gethyllis
Species: G. afra - G. barkerae - G. britteniana - G. campanulata - G. cavidens - G. ciliaris - G. fimbriatula - G. fusiformis - G. grandiflora - G. gregoriana - G. hallii - G. heinzeana - G. kaapensis - G. lanuginosa - G. lata - G. latifolia - G. linearis - G. longistyla - G. marginata - G. namaquensis - G. oligophylla - G. oliverorum - G. pectinata - G. roggeveldensis - G. setosa - G. spiralis - G. transkarooica - G. uteana - G. verrucosa - G. verticillata - G. villosa

Name

Gethyllis Plum. ex L. 1737

Synonyms

* Abapus Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 57 (1763).
* Papiria Thunb., Physiogr. Sälsk. Handl. 1: 110 (1776).
* Klingia Schonl., Rec. Albany Mus. 3: 178 (1919).

References

* Amaryllidaceae Gethyllis.
* The International Plant Names Index Gethyllis.
* Plumier, Charles - Linnaeus, Car, 1737: Genera Plantarum Eorumque Characteres Naturales Secundum Numerum, Figuram, Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium. Lugduni Batavorum, 181.
* Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Gethyllis.
* GBIF .

---------

Gethyllis (probably from Greek "gethyon", bulb), commonly called Kukumakranka, Koekemakranka, or Kroekemakrank, is a genus of bulbous plant endemic to the Sandveld of the Cape Province of South Africa. The fragrant, solitary, white flower appears at Christmas-time. Flowering is well-synchronised to increase the odds of cross-pollination, the genus being incapable of self-fertilisation. Triggering of mass flowering is thought to result from a sudden change in barometric pressure. Some three months later the edible, scented creamy-white to orange-yellow to rich burgundy-red, club-shaped fruit starts pushing above the soil surface. The inferior ovary is located well below ground-level where the developing fruit or berry is hidden until its growth forces it into view. Emergence of the fruit is followed almost immediately by the first leaves. The ripe fruit falls over and sheds its short-lived seeds, ready to take advantage of the winter rains. The ripe fruit is sometimes used to impart its special aroma to bottles of brandy. The genus is easily identified by its spirally twisted grey-green, strap-like leaves which develop during the winter months (May - August).

Gethyllis has some 32 winter-growing species with an extensive distribution covering the winter-rainfall area of the southern portion of Namibia and throughout the Cape Province, with the Vanrhynsdorp-Nieuwoudtville region showing the greatest species diversity. The genus is closely related to the summer-growing Apodolirion having 6 species and ranging from the Southern Cape to the summer-rainfall area of the Transvaal.

Species

* Gethyllis afra L.
* Gethyllis angelicae Dinter & G.M.Schulze
* Gethyllis barkerae D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis britteniana Baker
* Gethyllis campanulata L.Bolus
* Gethyllis ciliaris L.
* Gethyllis fimbriatula D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis grandiflora L.Bolus
* Gethyllis gregoriana D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis hallii D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis kaapensis D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis lanuginosa Marloth
* Gethyllis lata L.Bolus
* Gethyllis latifolia Masson ex Baker
* Gethyllis linearis L.Bolus
* Gethyllis longistyla Bolus
* Gethyllis longituba L.Bolus
* Gethyllis namaquensis (Schönland) Oberm.
* Gethyllis pectinata D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis roggeveldensis D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis setosa Marloth
* Gethyllis spiralis L.
* Gethyllis transkarooica D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis undulata Herb.
* Gethyllis unilateralis L.Bolus
* Gethyllis uteana D.Müller-Doblies
* Gethyllis verrucosa Marloth
* Gethyllis verticillata R. Br. ex Herb.
* Gethyllis villosa (Thunb.) Thunb. [1][2]

References

1. ^ Biodiversity Explorer
2. ^ Aluka

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License