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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Rebutiinae
Genus: Gymnocalycium
Subgenera: G. subg. Chiquicalycium – G. subg. Gymnocalycium – G. subg. Microsemineum – G. subg. Muscosemineum – G. subg. Scabrosemineum
Species: G. affine – G. alboareolatum – G. alenae – G. amerhauseri – G. andreae – G. anisitsii – G. baldianum – G. basiatrum – G. bayrianum – G. berchtii – G. bodenbenderianum – G. bruchii – G. cabreraense – G. calochlorum – G. campestre – G. capillense – G. castellanosii – G. chacoense – G. chiquitanum – G. denudatum – G. erinaceum – G. esperanzae – G. eurypleurum – G. friedrichii – G. gibbosum – G. glaucum – G. horstii – G. hossei – G. hyptiacanthum – G. kieslingii – G. kroenleinii – G. kuehhasii – G. kulhanekii – G. leptanthum – G. marekiorum – G. marsoneri – G. mendozaense – G. mesopotamicum – G. mihanovichii – G. × momo – G. monvillei – G. mostii – G. neuhuberi – G. nigriareolatum – G. ochoterenae – G. oenanthemum – G. paediophylum – G. paraguayense – G. pflanzii – G. pinalii – G. ponomarevae – G. pugionacanthum – G. quehlianum – G. ragonesei – G. reductum – G. rhodantherum – G. ritterianum – G. robustum – G. saglionis – G. sanluisense – G. schickendantzii – G. schroederianum – G. spegazzinii – G. stenopleurum – G. striglianum – G. taningaense – G. uebelmannianum – G. uruguayense
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Gymnocalycium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 10. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Gymnocalycium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 10. Reference page.

Name

Gymnocalycium Pfeiff. ex Mittler (1844)

Type species: G. gibbosum (Haw.) Mittler

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Brachycalycium Backeb., Cactaceae 1941(2): 76, 78. 1942.
Type species: Brachycalycium tilcarense Backeb.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Uruguay

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Pfeiffer, L.K.G. 1844: Taschenbuch für Cactusliebhaber 2: 124

Additional references

Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2010 Febr 15 [1]
Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Gymnocalycium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Gymnocalycium. Published online. Accessed: Apr 10 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Gymnocalycium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 10.
Hassler, M. 2021. Gymnocalycium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 10. Reference page. .
Gymnocalycium – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
Mittler, L. 1844. Taschenb. Cactusliebhaber 2: 124.

Vernacular names
suomi: Pallerokaktukset
magyar: Kelyheskaktusz
lietuvių: Nuogulis
polski: Gymnokalycium
русский: Гимнокалициум
svenska: Klotkaktussläktet

Gymnocalycium, commonly called chin cactus, is a genus of about 70 South American species of cactus. The genus name Gymnocalycium (from Greek, "naked calyx") refers to the flower buds bearing no hair or spines.

Their main area of distribution is Argentina, part of Uruguay, Paraguay, southern Bolivia and part of Brazil. Most species are rather small varying from 4 to 15 centimetres in size. In cultivation they are popular for their easy flowering habits, and the flowers are generally brightly coloured. Where temperatures fall below 10 °C (50 °F) they must be cultivated under glass with heat.[1]

Species

Gymnocalycium alboareolatum
Gymnocalycium amerhauseri
Gymnocalycium andreae
Gymnocalycium anisitsii
Gymnocalycium baldianum
Gymnocalycium bayrianum
Gymnocalycium berchtii
Gymnocalycium bodenbenderianum
Gymnocalycium bruchii
Gymnocalycium calochlorum
Gymnocalycium capillaense
Gymnocalycium castellanosii
Gymnocalycium chiquitanum
Gymnocalycium denudatum
Gymnocalycium erinaceum
Gymnocalycium eurypleurum
Gymnocalycium fischeri
Gymnocalycium gibbosum
Gymnocalycium glaucum
Gymnocalycium horstii
Gymnocalycium hossei
Gymnocalycium kieslingii
Gymnocalycium kroenleinii
Gymnocalycium marsoneri
Gymnocalycium mesopotamicum
Gymnocalycium mihanovichii
Gymnocalycium monvillei
Gymnocalycium mostii
Gymnocalycium neuhuberi
Gymnocalycium nigriareolatum
Gymnocalycium nova
Gymnocalycium ochoterenae
Gymnocalycium oenanthemum
Gymnocalycium paraguayense
Gymnocalycium pflanzii
Gymnocalycium pugionacanthum
Gymnocalycium quehlianum
Gymnocalycium ragonesei
Gymnocalycium reductum
Gymnocalycium rhodantherum
Gymnocalycium ritterianum
Gymnocalycium robustum
Gymnocalycium saglionis
Gymnocalycium schickendantzii
Gymnocalycium schroederianum
Gymnocalycium spegazzinii
Gymnocalycium stellatum
Gymnocalycium stenopleurum
Gymnocalycium striglianum
Gymnocalycium taningaense
Gymnocalycium uebelmannianum
Gymnocalycium uruguayense

References

RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.

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