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Hymenocallis caribaea

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Hymenocallideae
Genus: Hymenocallis
Species: Hymenocallis caribaea
Name

Hymenocallis caribaea (L.) Herb.
Synonyms

Basionym
Pancratium caribaeum L., Sp. Pl.: 291. 1753.

Homotypic
Nemepiodon caribeum (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 22. 1838.

Heterotypic
Hymenocallis angusta (Ker Gawl.) Herb., Appendix: 44. 1821.
Hymenocallis caribaea f. angustifolia Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1021. 1895.
Hymenocallis caribaea var. cinerascens Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 212. 1837.
Hymenocallis caribaea var. patens (Lindl. ex Delile) Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 212. 1837.
Hymenocallis cinerascens M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 171. 1847.
Hymenocallis declinata (Jacq.) Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 513. 1830.
Hymenocallis formosa M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 171. 1847 [1].
Hymenocallis obtusata (Griseb.) Pulle, Enum. Vasc. Pl. Surinam: 100. 1906.
Hymenocallis obtusata Griseb. ex Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 618. 1852.
Hymenocallis patens (Lindl. ex Delile) Herb., Appendix: 44. 1821.
Hymenocallis sessilis Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 339. 1812.
Hymenocallis sloanei M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 171. 1847.
Pancratium amoenum Salisb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 71. 1794.
Pancratium angustum Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 3: t. 221. 1817.
Pancratium declinatum Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: 99. 1763.
Pancratium excisum L.f. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 669. 1850.
Pancratium fragrans Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 42. 1799, nom. illeg.
Pancratium obtusatum Griseb., Linnaea 21: 277. 1848.
Pancratium patens Redouté, Liliac. 7: t. 414. 1813. : Note: Pancratium patens Lindl. = Hymenocallis latifolia
Pancratium recurvum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 214. 1812.
Troxistemon fragrans Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 23. 1838.

Notes

This name is not accepted by:

Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1–327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [as Hymenocallis littoralis].

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Caribbean
Bermuda; Cuba; French Guiana; Guyana; Jamaica

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Herbert, W., Botanical Register; Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic Plants Cultivated in British Gardens; with their History and Mode of Treatment. London 7(app.):44. 1821

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Hymenocallis caribaea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Hymenocallis caribaea. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 01 2018.
Tropicos.org 2018. Hymenocallis caribaea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 01 Aug. 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hymenocallis caribaea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. ].

Hymenocallis caribaea [3] is a plant in the Amaryllidaceae with the common names "Caribbean spider-lily" or "variegated spider-lily." It is native to the islands of the Caribbean and to northern South America. It is regarded as native to Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Cuba, the Virgin Islands, and the Windward and Leeward Islands, and the Venezuelan Antilles.[4] It is also commonly cultivated as an ornamental in many other tropical and subtropical regions and reportedly naturalized in Sri Lanka, New South Wales, Bermuda, French Guinea, Suriname, and Guyana.[5]
Description

Hymenocallis caribaea is a bulb-forming perennial. Leaves are up to 80 cm long. Umbel contains as many as 12 white flowers. Tepals are narrowly linear, up to 10 cm long, usually drooping at flowering time.[6][7][8][9]
References

1817 illustration by Ker-Gawler, Botanical Register; Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic Plants Cultivated in British Gardens; with their History and Mode of Treatment. London 3: t. 221. 1817,
The Plant List, Hymenocallis caribaea
Herbert, William. Appendix 44 1821.
Encyclopedia of Life
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Herbert, William. 1821, Appendix to the Botanical Register: 44 Hymenocallis caribaea
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 291, Pancratium caribaeum
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1838. Flora Telluriana 4: 22. Nemepiodon caribeum''
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1838. Flora Telluriana 4: 22, Troxistemon fragrans

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