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Ilex asprella - Hong Kong Botanical Garden - IMG 9570

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Aquifoliales

Familia: Aquifoliaceae
Genus: Ilex
Species: Ilex asprella
Varietas: I. a. var. megalophylla – I. a. var. tapuensis
Name

Ilex asprella (Hook. & Arn.) Champ. ex Benth., 1852
Synonyms

Ilex gracilipes Merr.
Ilex merrillii Briq.
Ilex oxyphylla Miq.
Prinos asprellus Hook. & Arn.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental:Asie
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Xinjiang, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Champion, J.G., 1852. Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Gardens Miscellany 4: 329 (1852).

Links

International Plant Names Index. 2018. Ilex asprella. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 26 2018.
Hassler, M. 2018. Ilex asprella. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 26. Reference page.
The Plant List 2013. Ilex asprella in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 26.
Tropicos.org 2018. Ilex asprella. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 26.
Ilex asprella at the Flora of China
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ilex asprella in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
中文: 梅葉冬青

Ilex asprella, also known as rough-leaved holly and plum-leaved holly, is a deciduous shrub native in South East Asia. Ilex asprella is one of the few deciduous species in the family Aquifoliaceae.

Morphology
I.asprella male flower

A densely branched deciduous shrub, growing up to 3 m tall. The long shoots glabrous, brown, and slender, while the short shoots green with significant white lenticels. Leaves thin-chartaceous, glandular-punctate on the back, ovate, 4 to 5 cm in length, 1.5 to 2.5 cm broad. Leaf apex acuminate, leaf base cuneate, leaf margin sermlate, hirsute on adaxial nerves and nearly glabrous beneath. Petioles 3 to 8 mm long. Reticulate veins with 6 to 8 pairs of pinnate lateral veins.
I.asprella female flower

White flowers in axillary umbels with slender pedicels, dioecy. Male flower: 2 to 5 flowers each inflorescence, 2.5 to 3 mm in diameter, glabrous; 4 or 5 suborbicular petals, margin erose, corolla rotate, base slightly connate; stamens ca. 3/4 as long as petals, anthers oblong and ca. 1 mm. Female flower: 4 to 6 flowers each inflorescence, glabrous, ca. 3 mm in diameter; flowers 4-6; calyx deeply 4 to 6 lobed; corolla rotate, petals suborbicular, basal slightly connate; staminodes ca. 1 mm, sterile anthers sagittate; ovary ovoid, ca. 1.5 mm in diameter, style present, stigma thickly discoid.

Drupe black and globose, endocarp stony, 5 mm long, 4 mm across, pedicel 2 to 3 cm long.[1][2][3]
Distribution

Adapted to tropic climate and hummus soil. Can be found in low altitude about 400 to 1000 m in Luzon, S. E. China, and Taiwan in the thickest.[4]
Usage

Used as a traditional Chinese medicine for multiple effects. The root is dug out during winter and dried in daylight. It is either cooked and consumed as soup or smashed and applied on the skin.[5]
References

"Ilex asprella in Flora of China @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
"電子書 台灣植物誌第二版 Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition 3: 622 – Plants of Taiwan 台灣植物資訊整合查詢系統". tai2.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
"燈稱花 Ilex asprella – Plants of TAIWAN 台灣植物資訊整合查詢系統". tai2.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
"電子書 台灣植物誌第二版 Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition 3: 624 – Plants of Taiwan 台灣植物資訊整合查詢系統". tai2.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
http://www.zysj.com.cn/zhongyaocai/yaocai_g/gangmeigen.html

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