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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Cichorioideae
Tribus: Cichorieae
Subtribus: Hyoseridinae
Genus: Launaea
Species: L. acanthodes – L. acaulis – L. almahrahensis – L. amal-aminiae – L. angolensis – L. angustifolia – L. arborescens – L. aspleniifolia – L. benadirensis – L. bornmuelleri – L. brunneri – L. cabrae – L. capitata – L. castanosperma – L. cervicornis – L. cornuta – L. crassifolia – L. crepoides – L. fragilis – L. gorgadensis – L. hafunensis – L. intybacea – L. korovinii – L. lackii – L. lanifera – L. massavensis – L. microcephala – L. mucronata – L. nana – L. nudicaulis – L. oligocephala – L. omanensis – L. petitiana – L. picridioides – L. platyphylla – L. polydichotoma – L. procumbens – L. pseudoabyssinica – L. pumila – L. quercifolia – L. quettaensis – L. rarifolia – L. remotiflora – L. rhynchocarpa – L. rogersii – L. rueppellii – L. sarmentosa – L. secunda – L. socotrana – L. spinosa – L. stenocephala – L. stocksiana – L. taraxacifolia – L. thalassica – L. viminea – L. violacea
Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2019. Launaea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 23. Reference page.

Name

Launaea Cass. in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 25: 61, 321. 1822 PDF

Type species: Launaea bellidifolia Cass.

Synonyms

Homotypic
Microrhynchus sect. Launaea (Cass.) DC., Prodr. 7: 181. 1838.
Rhabdotheca sect. Launaea (Cass.) Rchb., Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 95, no. 3729. 1841.
Heterotypic
Lomatolepis Cass. in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 422. 1827.
Typus: Launaea capitata (Spreng.) Dandy
Zollikoferia sect. Lomatolepis (Cass.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 826. 1875.
Launaea sect. Lomatolepis (Cass.) Dalla Torre & Harms, Gen. Siph.: 580. 1906.
Rhabdotheca Cass. in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 424. 1827.
Typus: Rhabdotheca sonchoides Cass.
Sonchus subg. Rhabdotheca (Cass.) Jaub. & Spach, III. Pl. Orient. 3: 110. 1850.
Zollikoferia sect. Rhabdotheca (Cass.) Batt., Fl. Algérie 1: 558. 1889.
Microrhynchus sect. Rhabdotheca (Cass.) DC., Prodr. 7: 180. 1838, nom. inval.
Microrhynchus Less., Syn. Gen. Compos.: 139. 1832.
Typus: Microrhynchus nudicaulis (L.) Less.
Lactuca subg. Microrhynchus (Less.) Sch. Bip., Linnaea 15: 725. 1841.
Atalanthus sect. Microrhynchus (Less.) Pomel, Bull. Soc. Climatol. Alger 11: 7. 1874.
Zollikoferia sect. Microrhynchus (Less.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 824. 1875.
Lactuca sect. Microrhynchus (Less.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 8: 116. 1882.
Launaea sect. Microrhynchus (Less.) O.Hoffm. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(5): 371. 1893.
Launaea subg. Microrhynchus (Less.) Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 122: 153. 1977.
Sonchus subg. Prenocephalum Sch.Bip. in Webb & Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2,2): 426. 1849.
Ammoseris Endl., Gen. Pl.: 500. 1838.
Brachyrhamphus DC., Prodr. 7: 176. 1838.
Lectotypus (designated by Britton & Wilson 1925, Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: 276): Lactuca intybacea Jacq.
Lactuca subg. Brachyrhamphus (DC.) Jaub. & Spach, Ill. Pl. Orient. 3: 114. 1850.
Zollikoferia sect. Brachyrhamphus (DC.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 825. 1875.
Launaea sect. Brachyrhamphus (DC.) O.Hoffm. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(5): 371. 1893.
Launaea subg. Brachyrhamphus (DC.) Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 122: 147. 1977.
Zollikoferia DC., Prodr. 7: 183. 1838, nom. illeg. [non Zollikoferia Nees 1825]
Atalanthus sect. Zollikoferia Pomel, Bull. Soc. Climatol. Alger 11: 7. 1874, nom. nov.
Launaea sect. Zollikoferia (Pomel) O.Hoffm. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(5): 371. 1893.
Launaea subg. Zollikoferia Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 122: 156. 1977, nom. illeg.
Zollikoferia sect. Euzollikoferia Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 822. 1875, nom. inval.
Heterachaena Fresen., Mus. Senckenberg. 3: 74. 1839.
Lactuca sect. Heterachaena (Fresen.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 8: 116. 1882.
Sonchus subg. Acanthosonchus Sch.Bip. in Webb & Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2,2): 427. 1849.
Typus: Sonchus spinosus (Forssk.) DC.
Zollikoferia sect. Acanthosonchus (Sch. Bip.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 827. 1875.
Launaea sect. Acanthosonchus (Sch.Bip.) O.Hoffm. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(5): 371. 1893.
Launaea subg. Acanthosonchus (Sch.Bip.) Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 122: 149. 1977.
Zollikoferia subg. Lophocarpus Coss. & Durieu in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 254. 1855.
Zollikoferia sect. Globiceps Batt., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 40: 190. 1893.
Typus: not designated
Paramicrorhynchus Kirp. in Komarov, Fl. URSS 29: 725. 1964.
Typus: Paramicrorhynchus procumbens (Roxb.) Kirp.
Launaea subg. Pseudosonchus Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 122: 161. 1977.
Hexinia H.L.Yang in Liu, Fl. Desert. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 3: 472. 1992.
Launaea sect. Castanospermae N.Kilian, Englera 17: 306. 1997.
Typus: Launaea castanosperma F.G.Davies
Launaea sect. Cervicornes N.Kilian, Englera 17: 186. 1997.
Typus: Launaea cervicornis (Boiss.) Font Quer & Rothm.
Launaea sect. Cornutae N.Kilian, Englera 17: 169. 1997.
Typus: Launaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) C.Jeffrey
Launaea sect. Pseudosonchus (Rech.f.) N.Kilian, Englera 17: 94. 1997.
Type: Launaea acaulis (Roxb.) Kerr

References

Cassini, A.H.G. de 1822: Dict. Sci. Nat. 25: 61, 321.

Links

Kilian, N., Hand, R. & Raab-Straube, E.v. (eds.) 2007+. International Cichorieae Network. Launaea.
Hassler, M. 2019. Launaea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Launaea. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 23 2019.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Launaea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb 2. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2019. Launaea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 23.

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