Plants, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Mammillaria elongata

Mammillaria elongata (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cacteae
Genus: Mammillaria
Subgenus: M. subg. Dolichothele
Sectio: M. sect. Stelligerae
Series: M. ser. Leptocladodae
Species: Mammillaria elongata
Subspecies: M. e. subsp. echinaria – M. e. subsp. elongata
Name

Mammillaria elongata DC., Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 109 (1828).
Synonyms

Cactus elongatus (DC.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
Neomammillaria elongata (DC.) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 134–135, f. 146. 1923 syn. sec. Korotkova 2021
Chilita elongata (DC.) Orcutt in Cactography 2. 1926 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Leptocladia elongata (DC.) Buxb. in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 98: 82. 1951 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Leptocladodia elongata(DC.) Buxb. in Krainz, Kakteen 15: CVIIIc. 1960 syn. sec. Korotkova 2021
Krainzia elongata (DC.) Doweld in Sukkulenty 3: 43. 2000 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
Mammillaria subcrocea DC. in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 110. 1828 syn. sec. Tropicos
Mammillaria elongata var. subcrocea (DC.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 12. 1850 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Cactus subcroceus (DC.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata f. subcrocea (DC.) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Neomammillaria subcrocea (DC.) Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 601. 1981 syn. sec. Korotkova 2021
Mammillaria tenuis DC. in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 110. 1828 syn. sec. Tropicos
Cactus tenuis (DC.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. tenuis (DC.) K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 520. 1898 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata f. tenuis (DC.) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria tenuis var. media DC. in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 110. 1828 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria intertexta DC. in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 110. 1829 syn. sec. Tropicos
Mammillaria elongata var. intertexta (DC.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 12. 1850 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Cactus intertextus (DC.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria densa Link & Otto, Icon. Pl. Rar.: 69. 1830 syn. sec. Tropicos
Cactus densus (Link & Otto) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. densa (Link & Otto) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria echinata DC., Mém. Cact.: 3. 1834 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. echinata (DC.) K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 521. 1898 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata f. echinata (DC.) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria subcrocea var. echinata (DC.) Y.Itô, Cacti, ed. 2: 127. 1952 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Neomammillaria subcrocea var. echinata (DC.) Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 601. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria caespitosa Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 6. 1837 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
Mammillaria stella-aurata Mart. ex Zucc. in Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 3: 101. 1838 syn. sec. Tropicos
Cactus stella-aurata (Mart.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. stella-aurata (Mart. ex Zucc.) K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 520. 1898 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata f. stella-aurata (Mart. ex Zucc.) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Echinocactus densus Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 536. 1840 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1923
Mammillaria anguinea Otto ex Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 101. 1850 syn. sec. Tropicos
Mammillaria anguineea Otto in Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., 1849: 101. 1850 syn. sec. Tropicos
Cactus anguineus (Otto) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
Mammillaria elongata var. rufescens Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 12. 1850 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria rufocrocea Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 102. 1850 syn. sec. Tropicos
Cactus rufocroceus (Salm-Dyck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. rufocrocea (Salm-Dyck) K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 521. 1898 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata f. rufocrocea (Salm-Dyck) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria stella-aurata var. gracilispina Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 101. 1850 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria subechinata Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 101. 1850 syn. sec. Tropicos
Cactus subechinatus (Salm-Dyck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. subechinata (Salm-Dyck) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria caespitosa (Engelm.) A.Gray, Struct. Bot.: 421. 1887 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Cactus pulvilliger Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. anguinea K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 521. 1898 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. erecta Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. minima Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 247. 1907 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria elongata var. obscuriora Heinrich ex Backeb., Kakteenlex.: 236. 1966 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Mammillaria minima Rchb. in Suppl. Cact. Verz.: 1 syn. sec. Tropicos
Cactus minimus (Rchb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
Mammillaria elongata var. schmollii Borg, Cacti, ed. 1: 312. 1937, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast.
Introduced into:
Spain

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

De Candolle, A.P. 1828. Mémoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 17: 109.

Additional references

Villaseñor, J.L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559–902. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmb.2016.06.017 Online PDF Reference page.
Hernández, H.M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. (2015). Mapping the cacti of Mexico part II. Mammillaria Succulent Plant Research 9: 1-189.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.

Links

Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Mammillaria elongata in Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org. A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 18. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Mammillaria elongata in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar 17. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Mammillaria elongata. Published online. Accessed: Mar 17 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Mammillaria elongata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 17 Mar 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Mammillaria elongata. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar 17. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Mammillaria elongata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: gold lace cactus, ladyfinger cactus, golden star cactus,
lietuvių: Pailgoji mamiliarija
русский: Маммиллярия удлинённая
svenska: Fingervårtkaktus
українська: Мамілярія подовжена

Mammillaria elongata, the gold lace cactus or ladyfinger cactus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cactaceae, native to central Mexico. Growing to 15 cm (6 in) tall by 30 cm (12 in) wide, it consists of densely packed clusters of elongated oval stems, covered in harmless (although very sharp) yellow or brown spines, and in spring producing white or yellow flowers. It is among the most common and most variable of its genus in nature, and is a popular subject for cultivation.[1][2] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][4]

Description

The cactus forms dense groups of cylindrical, erect or semi-prostrate stems about 6 to 15 cm long and 1.5 to 3.7 cm in diameter. Its body, bright green, is formed by short conical tubercles (2 to 4 mm) ending in round and woolly areoles in the young segments, unlike tubercular axils that lack wooliness. It has between 15 and 30 short radial spines (6 to 12 mm), curved outwards that intersect with those of the nearby areoles and 1 to 3 central (sometimes absent) yellow or golden color. The flowers arise on the upper part of the stems, with pale yellow or white toothed petals, sometimes with a darker or reddish central line 1.5 cm in length and diameter. The fruits are cylindrical to globose, brown or red, with a large number of seeds. Blooms profusely between late winter and early summer.
Cultivars

Golden Stars
"Copper King"
"Cristata" (Brain Cactus)
"Julio"

References

RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
"Cactus Art - Mammillaria elongata". Retrieved 26 June 2013.
"RHS Plant Selector - Mammillaria elongata". Retrieved 3 January 2021.

"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 63. Retrieved 3 April 2018.

Maria Papafotiou, George N. Balotis, Panayiota T. Louka and John Chronopoulos, (2004) In vitro plant regeneration of Mammillaria elongata normal and cristate forms, Volume 65, Number 2.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World