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Mondia whitei05

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Periplocoideae
Genus: Mondia
Species: Mondia whitei
Name

Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels, Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 223, 45. 1911.

Synonyms

Basionym
Chlorocodon whitei Hook.f., Bot. Mag. 97: t. 5898. 1871.

Heterotypic
Periploca latifolia K.Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C: 321. 1895 BHL
Periploca laxiflora K.Schum., in?
Tacazzea amplifolia S.Moore, J. Bot. 50: 337. 1912.
Tacazzea laxiflora Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas A: 92. 1895, BHL nom. nud.
Tacazzea viridis A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1937(6): 339. 1937.

References

African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Mondia whitei. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Accessed: 2016 May 01.
Skeels 1911. Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 223, 45.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Mondia whitei in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Mondia whitei is a perennial herbaceous/woody climber belonging to the family Apocynaceae, and as with most members of this family, has milky latex. Two species of Mondia are recognised, the other being Mondia ecornuta.[1] Known in some localities as 'gondolosi', in Kenya it is known as 'mukombero', the rootstock is often collected for medicinal use. It occurs at elevations of 1000 – 1500 m in moist to wet forests, and even in swampy grassland, across Sub-Saharan Africa; it is recorded from Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, and Angola. In Kenya its roots are heavily collected, and this often kills the plant.[2] Some initiatives propagate the species to supply the commercial demand and attempt to re-establish the species in the wild.[3]

With older stems becoming woody, it grows from a tuberous rootstock which has a ginger or liquorice taste and an aroma reminiscent of vanilla. The opposite leaves are large (100–300 x 50–150 mm) with a cordate base and 30–55 mm long petioles which, with the lower-surface veins, are often reddish-purple. The false stipules are large and fimbriaceous. The inflorescence is axillary and branched, flowers are short-lived, lasting 3–4 days. Petals are reddish-purple, ± 14 mm long and with a green edge. The flowers are unusually large for the subfamily Periplocoideae, and have a malodorous fruity scent which grows as the day progresses. The paired large fruits or follicles (75–100 x 44 mm) are semi-woody with a velvety surface.

Mondia is from the Zulu word for the plant, 'umondi'. The species epithet commemorates A.S. White, a South African farmer, who sent specimens to Kew to John Croumbie Brown, Colonial Botanist at the Cape, who sent them on to Joseph Dalton Hooker, who described the species.
Gallery

Mondia whitei01.jpg
Mondia whitei02.jpg
Mondia whitei03.jpg
Mondia whitei04.jpg

References

"The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
McGeoch, Lauren (2008). "Impacts of land use, anthropogenic disturbance, and harvesting on an African medicinal liana". Biological Conservation. 141: 2218–2229. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.06.021.
"Mondia whitei | PlantZAfrica.com". www.plantzafrica.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.

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