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Pleione formosana

Pleione formosana, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Arethuseae
Subtribus: Coelogyninae
Genus: Pleione
Species: Pleione formosana

Pleione formosana Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 326 (1911)

Pleione pricei Rolfe, Bot. Mag. 143: t. 8729 (1917)
Pleione hui Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 377 (1924)
Pleione formosana f. nivea Fukuy., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 22: 415 (1932)
Pleione formosana var. nivea (Fukuy.) Masam., Trop. Hort. 3: 48 (1933)
Pleione hookeriana f. nivea (Fukuy.) M.Hiroe, Orchid Flowers: 274 (1971)
Pleione bulbocodioides var. nivea (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying, Col. Ill. Indig. Orch. Taiwan 1(2): 494 (1977)
Pleione formosana f. alba Torelli & Riccab., Caesiana 14: 55 (2000)

Native distribution areas:
Primary references

Hayata, B. 1911. Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo 30(1): 326–327.


Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Pleione formosana. Accessed: 2021 Dec 15.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Pleione formosana in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Dec 15. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Pleione formosana in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Dec 15. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Pleione formosana. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Dec 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Pleione formosana. Published online. Accessed: 15 Dec 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Pleione formosana. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Dec 15.

Vernacular names

English: Taiwan Pleione
Tiếng Việt: Lan kiều diễm Đài Loan
中文: 台灣一葉蘭

Pleione formosana, the Taiwan pleione or windowsill orchid, is a species of flowering plant in the family Orchidaceae, native to southeastern China as well as northern and central Taiwan. It is a deciduous perennial, terrestrial orchid growing to 15 cm (6 in) tall by 30 cm (12 in) wide, with spherical pseudobulbs that produce a single folded leaf. The pink flowers, borne in spring, have fringed white lips that are strongly marked and mottled with brown on the inner surface.[2]

The specific epithet formosana refers to Taiwan's former name, Formosa.[3]

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4][5] In the UK it is rated as H3, which means that it can be grown outside in mild, sheltered areas where the soil does not dry out. It may also be grown under glass in a cool position.[4]


China Plant Specialist Group (2004). "Pleione formosana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T46709A11076039. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T46709A11076039.en. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
"RHS Plant Selector - Pleione formosana". Retrieved 6 February 2021.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 80. Retrieved 7 May 2018.

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