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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Periplocoideae
Genus: Raphionacme
Species: R. angolensis – R. arabica – R. borenensis – R. brownii – R. caerulea – R. chimanimaniana – R. dyeri – R. elsana – R. flanaganii – R. galpinii – R. globosa – R. grandiflora – R. haeneliae – R. hirsuta – R. inconspicua – R. keayi – R. lanceolata – R. linearis – R. longifolia – R. longituba – R. lucens – R. madiensis – R. michelii – R. moyalica – R. namibiana – R. palustris – R. procumbens – R. pulchella – R. splendens – R. sylvicola – R. utilis – R. velutina – R. vignei – R. villicorona – R. welwitschii – R. zeyheri

Raphionacme Harv., London J. Bot. 1: 22. (1842)

Type species: Raphionacme hirsuta (E.Mey.) R.A.Dyer, Fl. Pl. South Africa 22: t. 853 (1942) originally designated as synonym Raphionacme divaricata Harv. London J. Bot. 1: 23 (1842)


Apoxyanthera Hochst.: 78 (1843).
Type: Apoxyanthera pubescens Hochst.
Zuchellia Decne.: 492 (1844); Baill.: 806 (1889).
Type: Zuchellia angolensis Decne.
Zaczatea Baill.: 806 (1889), 294 (1890).
Type: Zaczatea angolensis Baill.
Mafekingia Baill.: 303 (1890).
Type: Mafekingia parquetiana Baill.
Raphiacme K.Schum., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 117 (1893), orth. var.
Rhaphiacme K.Schum., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 117 (1893), orth. var.
Pentagonanthus Bullock: t. 3583 (1962), 85 (1963).
Type: Pentagonanthus grandiflorus (N.E.Br.) Bullock.

Raphionacme hirsuta 1DS-II 3-1201

Raphionacme hirsuta


Harvey, W.H. 1842. The London journal of botany: containing figures and descriptions of ... plants ... together with botanical notices and information and ... memoirs of eminent botanists / by W.J. Hooker.. London 1: 22.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Raphionacme in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Sept. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Raphionacme. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 30 2017. 2017. Raphionacme. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Sept. 30.
Venter, H.J.T. 2009. A taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae). South African Journal of Botany 75(2): 292-350. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2009.02.174 Full text PDF Reference page.

Raphionacme is a plant genus in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1842.[1][2] The genus is found primarily in Africa, with one species on the Arabian Peninsula.[3][4]


Raphionacme angolensis (Baill.) N.E.Br. - Angola
Raphionacme arabica A.G.Mill. & Biagi - Oman
Raphionacme borenensis Venter & M.G.Gilbert - Ethiopia
Raphionacme brownii Scott-Elliot - W Africa
Raphionacme caerulea E.A.Bruce - Sierra Leone
Raphionacme chimanimaniana Venter & R.L.Verh. - Zimbabwe
Raphionacme dyeri Retief & Venter - Free State in South Africa
Raphionacme elsana Venter & R.L.Verh. - KwaZulu-Natal
Raphionacme flanaganii Schltr. - KwaZulu-Natal
Raphionacme galpinii Schltr. - Swaziland, South Africa
Raphionacme globosa K.Schum. - Malawi, Tanzania
Raphionacme grandiflora N.E.Br. - Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia
Raphionacme haeneliae Venter & R.L.Verh. - Namibia
Raphionacme hirsuta (E.Mey.) R.A.Dyer - Eastern Cape Province
Raphionacme inconspicua H.Huber - Damaraland in Namibia
Raphionacme keayi Bullock - Nigeria, Cameroon
Raphionacme lanceolata Schinz - Tanzania, Namibia
Raphionacme linearis K.Schum. - Zaire, Angola
Raphionacme longifolia N.E.Br. - Zambia
Raphionacme longituba E.A.Bruce - Tanzania, Zambia
Raphionacme lucens Venter & R.L.Verh. - KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique
Raphionacme madiensis S.Moore - Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Raphionacme michelii De Wild. - Zaire
Raphionacme moyalica Venter & R.L.Verh. - N Kenya, S Ethiopia
Raphionacme namibiana Venter & R.L.Verh. - Namibia
Raphionacme palustris Venter & R.L.Verh. - KwaZulu-Natal
Raphionacme procumbens Schltr. - KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Zimbabwe
Raphionacme pulchella Venter & R.L.Verh. - Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Raphionacme splendens Schltr. - Tanzania, Uganda
Raphionacme sylvicola Venter & R.L.Verh. - Zambia
Raphionacme utilis N.E.Br. & Stapf - tropical Africa
Raphionacme velutina Schltr. - Zimbabwe, Limpopo
Raphionacme vignei E.A.Bruce - Ghana
Raphionacme villicorona Venter
Raphionacme welwitschii Schltr. & Rendle - - Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique
Raphionacme zeyheri Harv. - South Africa

formerly included[5]

transferred to other genera (Buckollia, Chlorocyathus, Schlechterella )

R. abyssinica now Schlechterella abyssinica
R. loandae now Chlorocyathus monteiroae
R. lobulata now Chlorocyathus lobulata
R. monteiroae now Chlorocyathus monteiroae
R. volubilis now Buckollia volubilis


Harvey, William Henry. 1842. London Journal of Botany 1: 22-23 descriptions in Latin, commentary in English
Tropicos, genus Raphionacme
AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique
Miller, Anthony G. & Biagi, J. A. 1988. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 45(1): 61
The Plant List, Raphionacme

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