Plants, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Andropogoneae
Subtribus: Andropogoninae
Genus: Schizachyrium
Species: (64 accepted by Simon et al (2013))
S. beckii – S. brevifolium – S. cirratum – S. claudopus – S. condensatum – S. crinizonatum – S. cubense – S. delavayi – S. delicatum – S. djalonicum – S. dolosum – S. exile – S. fragile – S. gaumeri – S. gracilipes – S. gresicola – S. impressum – S. jeffreysii – S. kwiluense – S. littorale – S. lomaense – S. lopollense – S. maclaudii – S. malacostachyum – S. maritimum – S. mexicanum – S. microstachyum – S. mitchelliana – S. muelleri – S. mukuluense – S. multinervosum – S. niveum – S. nodulosum – S. occultum – S. pachyarthron – S. parvifolium – S. penicillatum – S. perplexum – S. platyphyllum – S. pseudeulalia – S. pulchellum – S. radicosum – S. reedii – S. rhizomatum – S. riedelii – S. ruderale – S. rupestre – S. salzmannii – S. sanguineum – S. scabriflorum – S. schweinfurthii – S. scintillans – S. scoparium – S. semitectum – S. sericatum – S. spicatum – S. stoloniferum – S. sudhanshui – S. sulcatum – S. tenerum – S. thollonii – S. urceolatum – S. villosum – S. yangambiense
Name

Schizachyrium Nees in C.F.P.von Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 331 (1829)
Type species: Schizachyrium brevifolium (Sw.) Buse in F.A.W.Miquel, Pl. Jungh.: 359 (1854)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Schizopogon Rchb. ex Spreng., Gen. Pl. 1: 55 (1830).
Apogonia E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 2: 63 (1886).
Ystia Compère, Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 33: 400 (1963).

References

Nees von Esenbeck, C.G.D. (1829) Flora Brasiliensis seu Enumeratio Plantarum 2(1): 331–332.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Schizachyrium in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Schizachyrium. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24.
Tropicos.org 2013. Schizachyrium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 24 Nov. 2013.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Schizachyrium. Published online. Accessed: 24 Nov. 2013.

Vernacular names
English: Little Bluestem
suomi: Hahtuheinät

Schizachyrium is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.[4] The name is derived from the Ancient Greek words σχίζειν (schizein), meaning "to split," and ἄχυρον (achyron), meaning "chaff." It refers to either the glume or the toothed lemmas.[5][6][7]

In the United States, members of the genus are commonly known as bluestems.[8]
Species

Species in the genus include:[2][9]

Schizachyrium beckii Killeen - Bolivia
Schizachyrium bemarivense A.Camus - Madagascar
Schizachyrium brevifolium (Sw.) Nees ex Buse – Serillo dulce - widespread in tropics
Schizachyrium cirratum (Hack.) Wooton & Standl. - USA (AZ NM TX), Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador
Schizachyrium claudopus (Chiov.) Chiov - Tanzania, Zaïre, Zambia
Schizachyrium condensatum (Kunth) Nees – Colombian bluestem - West Indies, Latin America from central Mexico to Uruguay
Schizachyrium crinizonatum S.T.Blake - Australia
Schizachyrium cubense (Hack.) Nash - Cuba
Schizachyrium delavayi (Hack.) Bor - China, Himalayas
Schizachyrium delicatum Stapf - tropical Africa
Schizachyrium djalonicum Jacq.-Fél. - Guinea to Sierra Leone
Schizachyrium dolosum S.T.Blake - Northern Territory, Queensland
Schizachyrium exile (Hochst.) Pilg. - tropical + southern Africa; Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar
Schizachyrium fragile (R.Br.) A.Camus - southern China, Vietnam, Java, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Micronesia
Schizachyrium gaumeri Nash - Yucatán Peninsula, Chiapas
Schizachyrium gracile (Spreng.) Nash - West Indies, Guatemala, Chiapas, Florida
Schizachyrium gracilipes (Hack.) A.Camus - southern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, northeastern Argentina
Schizachyrium gresicola Jacq.-Fél - Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria
Schizachyrium hatschbachii Peichoto - Brazil, northern Argentina
Schizachyrium impressum (Hack.) A.Camus - Jammu & Kashmir
Schizachyrium jeffreysii (Hack.) Stapf - Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana, Namibia, Limpopo, Mpumalanga
Schizachyrium kwiluense Vanderyst ex Robyns - Zaïre, Congo Republic
Schizachyrium lomaense A.Camus - Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast
Schizachyrium lopollense (Rendle) Sales- Angola, Zambia, Mozambique
Schizachyrium maclaudii (Jacq.-Fél.) S.T.Blake - West Africa
Schizachyrium malacostachyum (J.Presl) Nash - Mesoamerica, Colombia, West Indies
Schizachyrium maritimum (Chapm.) Nash – Gulf bluestem - USA (LA MS AL FL)
Schizachyrium mexicanum (Hitchc.) A.Camus - Mexico
Schizachyrium mitchellianum B.K.Simon - Western Australia
Schizachyrium muelleri Nash - Veracruz
Schizachyrium mukuluense Vanderyst - Zaïre
Schizachyrium multinervosum Nash - Cuba
Schizachyrium niveum (Swallen) Gould – Pinescrub bluestem - Florida, Georgia
Schizachyrium nodulosum (Hack.) Stapf - western + central Africa
Schizachyrium occultum S.T.Blake - Northern Territory, Queensland
Schizachyrium pachyarthron C.A.Gardner - Australia
Schizachyrium parvifolium (Hitchc.) Borhidi & Catasús - Cuba
Schizachyrium penicillatum Jacq.-Fél - Burkina Faso, Guinea, Sierra Leone
Schizachyrium perplexum S.T.Blake - Northern Territory, Queensland
Schizachyrium platyphyllum (Franch.) Stapf - Africa, Madagascar
Schizachyrium pseudeulalia (Hosok.) S.T.Blake - Flores, Maluku, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, northern Australia, Caroline Is
Schizachyrium pulchellum (D.Don ex Benth.) Stapf - tropical Africa
Schizachyrium radicosum Jacq.-Fél - Guinea
Schizachyrium reedii (Hitchc. & Ekman) Borhidi & Catasús - Cuba
Schizachyrium rhizomatum (Swallen) Gould – Florida little bluestem - Florida
Schizachyrium ruderale Clayton - western Africa
Schizachyrium rupestre (K.Schum.) Stapf - tropical Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Schizachyrium salzmannii (Trin. ex Steud.) Nash - Mexico, Honduras, Lesser Antilles, South America
Schizachyrium sanguineum (Retz.) Alston – Crimson bluestem - tropical Africa, tropical Asia, New Guinea, Latin America, West Indies, USA (AZ NM TX FL GA AL)
Schizachyrium scabriflorum (Rupr. ex Hack.) A.Camus - Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina, southern Brazil
Schizachyrium schweinfurthii (Hack.) Stapf - tropical Africa
Schizachyrium scintillans Stapf - tropical Africa
Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash – Little bluestem - widespread in Canada + USA + Mexico
Schizachyrium semitectum (Swallen) Reeder - Mexico, Guatemala
Schizachyrium spicatum (Spreng.) Herter - Uruguay, Paraguay, northern Argentina, southern Brazil
Schizachyrium stoloniferum Nash - USA (MS AL GA FL NC SC)
Schizachyrium sulcatum (Ekman) S.T.Blake - Colombia, Bolivia, western Brazil
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees – Slender bluestem - USA (OK TX LA MS AL FL GA NC)
Schizachyrium thollonii (Franch.) Stapf - tropical Africa
Schizachyrium urceolatum (Hack.) Stapf - tropical Africa
Schizachyrium yangambiense Germ. - Zaïre

Some species formerly included in Schizachyrum are now considered better suited to other genera: Andropogon, Dichanthium, Rottboellia, Sehima, Sphaerocaryum.[2]
References

"Schizachyrium". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2011-09-25.
"Schizachyrium". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
"Schizachyrium". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
von Esenbeck, Nees; Daniel, Christian Gottfried (1829). "Flora Brasiliensis seu Enumeratio Plantarum" (in Latin). 2 (1): 331–339.
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. Vol. III P-Z. CRC Press. p. 1977. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.
Chen, Shou-liang; Phillips, Sylvia M. "Schizachyrium". Flora of China. Vol. 22 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Cope, Thomas A. "Schizachyrium". Flora of Pakistan – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
"Schizachyrium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
"Schizachyrium". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World